Library Science


Career Objectives

Allow the user to get the information he really needs, quickly and efficiently. For that, he must provide organized information, suitable for what he needs, in the right amount (that is, neither deficient nor in excess) timely (when he needs it) and with the maximum ease of access to it.


Professional Profile

The called “information explosion” has a marked upturn and its growth is exponential, the great crisis in Information Sciences has consisted on how to deal with huge amounts of available information, using the mechanisms and accessible technologies.

The needs in all the fields to have information in a timely and orderly way and its proper handling are widening.

This conducts Library Science to be a discipline of growing significance in society.

Formerly, there was the concept of the librarian who attended to libraries, lent books and placed the information in cards.

But now, you don’t only work in libraries, but also in computer information networks and *information systems; and with information coming from the most diverse supports such as books, magazines, pictures, movies, microfiches, audio recordings and videos, computer memories, tapes and magnetic and optical disks, and with information coming from computer database and even in non-conventional forms such as holograms.

The librarian must be able to work with this variety of formats.

The great leap in the performance of the librarian came with the widespread growth of computing in the 80’s, and then with the advent of Internet was further facilitated.

This professional *designs, *plans, *administers and evaluates the most diverse information services. His work is to preserve and collect the information both bibliographic (books, diaries, magazines) and documentation ones (policies, trade balances, IOU, tax returns, property deeds, etc), in order to organize it and make it reachable to the use of any type of user who is searching for appropriate information.

This professional is a connoisseur both in the organization of the information itself and the technologies for its handling.

The current strategy is to integrate information technologies with the contents of information in order to optimize their access and use.

Organization of the Information

He handles methods and techniques which ease the organization, search and recovery of information efficiently, such as its selection, classification, *cataloging, *indexing, search methods, etc.

Cataloging, classification of documents and indexing of the information are rules that have stood over the centuries because they have fulfilled basic functions of organization and recovery of printed documents, these must be adapted to the electronic world because they are still a necessity.

Technologies for information management

He knows the modern and computer *techniques of the computer area for a perfect file (storage) and usage (recovery) of information.

He makes use of the most advanced technology of telematic information to create databases, with automated processors for the storage, recovery and transfer of information.

The professional and his relationship with the institution where he provides his services

Information is the vital resource of an institution or enterprise; it is the prime matter to which this professional must make the most of it to convert it into working capital of the institution.

He must propose the development of new information services, anticipating the new needs of information the organization will have.

He must take part in the design and implementation of the *information system of the institution, through the coordination of all those departments which manage information.

Therefore, he must work in a *interdisciplinary way, with other professionals who play a part in the institution, contributing their knowledge of *organization and *management of information resources.

He must be permanently updated due to the dramatic changes that take place in our society, because of the new demands for information of organizations and society, and the increase and variety of technological means.

This requires new knowledge to perform efficiently in the work field of information.

Without a professional of this area, the resources of the institution are underutilized.

With his incorporation, modern institutions count on a vital center of information management which allows speeding and ensuring the satisfaction of specific data needs of users of these systems.

He strengthens the linkage of the country to the projects of international entities in the field of information, to the Latin American information networks and to international cooperation resources in this field.

Information has achieved its true value as strategic resource for any human activity.


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

He *organizes and *administers general information libraries and specialized ones, information and documentation centers.

He gathers information which is scattered and disorderly, to select it, classify, *catalogue, *index; determine its search and distribution methods, etc.

He searches, recovers and provides documentation and bibliographic references to professionals, enterprises, institutions and other services, coming from collection works preserved in the library or from its data recovery systems or from links with other information networks.

He organizes documents generated by research, administrative, legislative, commercial, professional activity, etc. on any type of support.

He selects the documentary material according to the users’ needs of a specific community or discipline.

He expands and preserves systematically a collection of books, magazines, reports and other works available in printed or audiovisual form.

He attends the consultations of users and orients them in the use of materials and in search for information.

He organizes and administers loan services of bibliographic material available to users.

He recommends new acquisitions of books, magazines, reports and other printed and audiovisual works.

He designs databases.

He organizes and administers information networks available to users.

He supports the study, research and teaching, through the search of bibliographic information manually or in automated data bases.

He collects and preserves historic documents.

He gathers and evaluates the collected material, analyzes the content in order to organize records; he prepares indexes, copies and reproductions to preserve the original documents; he advises and informs people and institutions which perform studies and research.

He studies the meaning and use of information in organizations in order to establish services which support their development.

He performs studies about library and information services, analyzes and modifies the provided services according to the needs of the users.

He supports the creation and direction of libraries, information centers, documentation centers and services that optimize the country’s information infrastructure.

He knows, uses and identifies national and international information sources with a view to being used.


Occupational Field

He can perform in different units and information systems, such as:

-National Library, academic libraries, public, research, school, children’s library, specialized and special ones.

-Libraries belonging to governmental bodies, international institutions and embassies.

-Documentation centers and information services which support journals, newspapers, consultancy offices, projects, financial institutions and services.

-Documentation centers and technical-specialized information centers, in any type of public or private institutions.

-Specialized information networks of national and international coverage.

-Telecommunications networks.

-Resource center for learning.

-Computing centers

-Files and museums

-Provide independent services, such as advisory, by virtue of the domain he acquires both in processes of analysis, organization, recovery and dissemination of information, as well as the its management.


Estimated time of College years

5 to 6 years

The study system, whether semiannual or annual and the exact duration of this, will depend on the institution that imparts it.


Main courses considered in the syllabus.

General Training Courses

*Universal Historiography, World Literature, History of Arts and Humanities, History of Science, Different levels of *English, Oral and Written Expression, Communication Theory, *Theory of Knowledge.

Basic Training Courses

-Mathematics, Symbolic Logic, *Administration, Principles of Economics, *Statistics, Accounting Cost and Budgeting, General Psychology, Philosophy, *Linguistics.

Professional Training Courses

-Introduction to Library and Information Science, Cataloging, Classification, Formats, Selection and Acquisition of the Textual and Non-textual materials, Archiving, General Information Sources, Bibliography and References, Periodical and Serial Publications, Bibliographic Research Methods, Project Workshop, *Information Management, General Administration of Libraries and other *Information Units.

Information Technology Area

*Computer Science, Databases, File Organization and Management, Online Information Services, *Telecommunications, Networks and Systems, *Information Systems.

Specialties

Currently, specialties are acquired through the job and its areas are multiple, from universities to pharmaceutical laboratories, mining companies, media, hospitals, ministries, schools, etc.

Over time, you develop a specialization which makes you recognized in the area.


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career


Interests

-Taste for Reading and love for books.

“Since childhood I liked reading, I learnt how to read very easily and at a very early age”.

-Appraisal and interest in obtaining all sorts of knowledge, interest in culture. (Whether this professional must acquire a broad cultural, scientific and humanistic base.)

“I always liked to know everything; it was terrible for me to have conversations where I couldn’t participate because I didn’t know the subject”.

-Taste for collecting, ordering and arranging objects. Love for books, taste for acquiring them, keeping them in excellent condition, handling them, reading them, etc.

“Since I was a girl I had the obsession of ordering things, I dreamed of having many papers, pencils and books to organize, something like a stationery shop”.

"I always liked ordering, caring and even feeling the smell of books, notebooks, erasers and pencils from my backpack”.


Skills

-Sense of organization and order.

-Verbal skill (Oral and written language management fluently).

-Capacity for abstraction, analysis and synthesis (you will need these abilities to evaluate the contents and filter them critically).

-Facility for languages (95% of the material required is in English).


Vocation

-Valuation by culture, knowledge, its preservation and dissemination.


-Vocation to serve the community, contributing to the general enlightenment of man.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved within this global vocation.


Candidate Personality

Ability of teamwork

Planner

Methodical

Patient

Urban


Work Scope

The characteristics of the library practice, it is developed regularly in enclosed spaces and the librarian is related with professionals of different disciplines.

He handles, in his daily activity, information of many subjects.


Related Careers

Archival Science; BA in Art History; Bachelor in Humanities; Bachelor in Humanities with a specialization in language and Hispanic Literature or any other language; Translator and Interpreter in any language; Pedagogy in some language; Pedagogy of History and Geography.

These in case you are more inclined for culture and put it at service of others.

Computer Science, in case you decide more on planning, organization and technology and besides you have math skills.


*Glossary of Terms

*Techniques: Proceedings, methods, way of doing something.

*Multidisciplinary Teams: Professionals of different specialties.

*Cataloging: Doing ordered lists of bibliographic material, etc.

*Project: Devise.

*Organize: Give the parts of a whole the necessary arrangement so that it can work. Arrange everything in relation to what will be done, according to what is planned.

*Program: Determine how and in which periods of time something will be carried out.

*Manage: Carry out a project, take the necessary steps to achieve it.

*Plan: Determine what is going to be done. Draw up a plan.

*Administer: Direct, govern, conduct.

*Design: Devise.

*Information Systems: Information which flows within an enterprise, necessary for its functioning. Example: Accounting information system, Sales information system, etc, or database of specialized information required by an institution, both scientific areas and professional exercise. Example: Services in Chemistry, health, economics, for the tourism, fishing, agricultural industry, etc.

*Indexing: Create indexes.

Index: Table which determines an order.

Example: Alphabetical index. –Sort alphabetically.

*Historiography: Art of writing history. Set of books about history.

*Linguistics: Language science which studies the language in itself. It investigates the laws of human language.

*Information Systems: The student learns to identify an information problem of an organization and to find solutions that allow designing and starting up a new system which responds to those needs of information.

*Information Management: It studies documents and their process from the point of origin to their storage and preservation. It goes into aspects such as communication in the enterprise, management of internal procedures, mail, correspondence and administrative files.

*Statistics: It is used in the statistical analysis of data for the verification of a hypothesis in the research area. As well as it is used in the assessment and control of quantifiable aspects of the library service.

*Computer Science: It trains the student in order to use the computer and its attached technology, in order to optimize information management and its distribution.

It is focused on the study and use of programs such as the word processor, spreadsheet and database. The student is prepared to select, know and handle software packages (programs) both bibliographic and related to information activities.

*Telecommunications, networks and systems: It considers basic concepts of communications and transport of information and then studies the technology of the telephone, fax, e-mail, public data transmission networks and database access.

*Information Units: They are all types of information banks, such as: libraries, documentation centers, specialized information services, etc.

*Administration: How to conduct human resources, economic and technical ones to attain the peak performance of an information system.

*English: Since on one side the language of science and technology is English and on the other hand literature in library science comes almost completely in English, the professional must master this language at least in an average level of reading and listening comprehension through a minimum of three levels.

*History of Science: It studies the historic development of the different areas of science and of the main theories and discoveries, and social influences of scientific development over time.

*Theory of Knowledge: Characteristics of the process of knowledge construction and of the linguistic means in which this is expressed.

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