Interior Design

Career Objectives

-Making the human space more aesthetic and functional for his greater well-being and efficiency in all his activities.

Professional Profile

A professional who creates attractive, comfortable and best equipped spaces to inhabit, recreate, work and all sorts of necessary functions carried out by man.

To this effect, he looks for the best spatial, functional, artistic, technological and economical solutions.

In this task, he considers architectural aspects for a good circulation within the space available, taking into account a good arrangement of its furniture as well as the *morphology of the furniture to be used.

To achieve proper illumination, decoration, harmonious use of colors, textures and styles, he handles aesthetic principles and artistic techniques.

In order to carry out his tasks, he has knowledge of structures, materials used in the equipment and coating of spaces, installation techniques, furniture, digital graphics, costs and budgets.

Which is the difference between Interior Design and Architecture?

The architect deals with the overall design of the structure of a place (house, room, library, office buildings, hospitals, etc.), and the determination of size, location and shape of the volumes of their interior spaces.

The Interior Designer is responsible for the distribution and internal coating of these spaces.

He must know about his country and its culture to take it into account when designing.

Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

He develops projects for the design and decoration of environment of houses, buildings, ships, airplanes, commercial areas, restaurants, hotels, display windows, fairs, exhibitions, stands, events, runways, stages and equipment for film studios, television, theaters and other shows or exhibition venues.

He plans, organizes and manages the project.

He directs and oversees the construction of those projects in their architectural execution of the interior spaces such as the installation of visible beams, stairs, shelves, installation of curtains and decorative elements, as well as the interior painting, installation of lights, finishes, etc.

He presents and performs the construction documentation.

In his work:

He learns and interprets the needs of the user, to know what is what he wants to design and what he wants to achieve with the design, in order to meet his objectives.

He designs comfortable, functional, aesthetic, symbolic and representative spaces.

He selects the style according to the objective and/or personality of the client, his taste and lifestyle interpreting his needs and expectations.

He applies representation techniques and computer graphics tools for the project development presenting floor plans, elevations and perspectives.

He distributes the space and the location of the furniture, evaluating the space available and its function.

He determines the shapes, colors and textures of wall covering, curtains and accessories.

He designs and manufactures the furniture, decorative accessories, light fixtures, curtains, armchairs, tables, bookshelves, beds and any other piece of furniture or structure needed, or advises when purchasing.

He selects the materials for floor and wall coverings, furniture, wallpapers, curtains, etc. considering their aesthetics and durability.

He prepares the costs and budgets for each task and for the products.

He joins interdisciplinary teams, accompanying the architect or builder on the decisions that affect in the design and decoration.

He adapts and/or modifies interior spaces according to human needs.

He creates styles and anticipates trends.

He refurbishes houses, stores or special facilities.

He advises on decoration projects, ambiance or interior design.

Occupational Field

-Public bodies

-Small, medium and large private companies

-Service companies

-Design centers or offices

-Shopping centers

-Architectural studios

-Shops or companies dedicated to products related to decoration

-Furniture industry

-Consultancies as an independent professional.

Estimated time of College years

Around 4 years

Main courses considered in the syllabus

Basic Training Courses

*Color Theory

*Color Rendering

*Design Methods

*Semiotics and *Semantics

-Space, light and color


-History of Art (2 semesters)

-History of Furniture

Professional Training Courses

*Descriptive Geometry


*Design Theory

-Design Workshop (6 semesters)

-Graphic Expression (2 semesters)

-Perspective and Shades

-Scale Model


-Research Methodology



-Furniture Design (2 semesters)

-*Heat and *Acoustic Treatment

-Computer-aided Design (2 semesters)

-Construction Materials

-Coating Materials

-Decoration Materials


-Basic Theory of Construction

-Construction and lightweight structures

-Hydro-sanitary installations

Complementary Training Courses

-Costs and Budgeting

-Construction Management

Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career 


-Frequent observation of the aesthetic.

-Artistic sensitivity.

-Creative imagination in shapes, colors, textures, etc.

-Interest in the refurbishment of a house, the comfort, the position and location of furniture, illumination, etc.

-Manual work comforts him.

-Interest in taking advantage of simple materials.

-Give personality and identity to the place where he lives.

-Taste for recreating sensations through the atmosphere.


-Strong aesthetic sense.

-Creative, innovative.

-Imaginative of the visual type.

-Ability to perceive details, colors and plastic expression.

-Manual dexterity.

-Ability to appreciate the volumes and spaces and proportions.

-Vision of the three-dimensional space and faculty to express graphically.


Provide society with a better quality of life by providing identity, style and comfort to their environment.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.

Candidate Personality



Sense of perfection and care with manual work


Work Scope


Office or workshop

 Related Careers

-Architecture, Industrial Design, Theater Design, Textile and Fashion Design, Landscape Design.

*Glossary of Terms

*Acoustic: Quality of a venue from the point of view of the perception of the sounds.

*Ergonomics: adapted to the human form and the function of specific furniture.

*Descriptive Geometry: It studies the bodies in space through their projections on certain plans, for their application in the representation of volumes in two or three dimensions. -The development of the abilities of perception, volumetric/spatial analysis.

- The determination of the shadows that volumes produce through the natural and artificial light.

-Practice of the fundamental principles of perspective.

*Illuminating: Lighting techniques.

*Design Methods: Sequence of activities that typically occur in design.

*Morphology: Study of human figures.

*Museography: Museography refers to the set of techniques and practices related to the operation of a museum.

*Color Rendering: Selection of harmonious colors considering the hue (the color itself), Saturation (degree of brightness and intensity of a color), luminosity (Measure of the light of a color).

*Semantics: Aspects of the meaning, sense or interpretation of a given element, symbol, word or expression.

*Semiotics: Science that deals with signs and symbols within human societies.

*Color Theory: Basic rules in the color mixture in order to achieve the desired effect combining colors.

*Design Theory: It includes the basis of design, such as: balance (color balance); contrast (variety); emphasis; pace (combination and harmonious sequence of forms that includes both empty and occupied spaces, and unity (composition of interrelated elements that produce a unity).

*Heat: Relative to warmth and temperature.