Bachelor’s Degree in Philosophy


Career Objectives

Study and investigate the meaning of life from the perspective of reason, to disseminate these approaches and to provide the necessary conceptual strategies in the critical reflection on problems in different fields of knowledge and society.


Professional Profile

A professional who investigates, reflects and analyzes the relations, causes and purposes of the physical world, the *principles of human actions and existence, through reasoning process.

He seeks to get to enlightening explanations on the essence of all the various elements of reality, in order to come to define *concepts and *principles between the parts and the whole that coexist in the universe.

He has knowledge and understanding of philosophies that have been relevant and crucial in the history of thought and contemporary philosophy.

He develops analytical skills and critical understanding, argues and reasons logically, expresses ideas and reasons on a given subject clearly and thereby builds a coherent and structured text.

He can continue studies in Master’s or doctoral programs, or complement his education with the methodological knowledge needed to become a secondary school teacher.


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

The work of the philosopher is a rational exercise, since he works with arguments and for this, logic is an indispensable tool. An argument is a sequence of propositions, one of them is the conclusion and the rest are *premises.

Since the conclusion is logically derived from premises, if the argument is valid and the premises are true, the conclusion will also be true.

He examines the premises of judgments and actions. These topics have to do with issues where freedom, responsibility, scale of values, etc, are involved.

He questions formal and meaningless questions.

He analyzes concepts and arguments related to delicate issues on which we generally have deeply rooted opinions.

For instance: What arguments can be made for and against abortion?

What are the problems of each of these positions? Are these positions consistent with other statements we have regarding related issues such as euthanasia or death penalty?

He investigates the reasons for and against different positions and specifies their *implications.

He shows inconsistency and reveals conflicts of values that are undetected by us.

He defines arguments, their approval and the consequences of maintaining them.

He produces counterarguments and provides examples in order to show the problem areas of the arguments in question.

He highlights the problems of certain arguments, shows that certain lines of reasoning are more acceptable than others.

He proves that certain arguments simply don’t work and, very often we accept and keep certain ideas simultaneously despite being contradictory.

He clarifies principles and criteria. For example: By which criteria do we say something is fair? In other words, what makes fair actions, fair? Based on what we consider them fair? Is it because it adjusts to what we want or because they are *intrinsic in some way?, etc.

From the perspective previously described:

He becomes part of the fundamental approaches in the various scientific domains.

He is projected in the field of ethics and political philosophy developing arguments on what we should or we shouldn’t do, or about what is morally acceptable or not.

He addresses critical reflection about *contingent issues.

He looks closely the assumptions and central concepts society handles in different areas of the public domain, from the establishment of the educational system to social concerns, such as cloning, consequences of Globalization, etc.

He performs Philosophical Orientation for “therapeutic” purposes. (Group Phytotherapy)

He facilitates the process of reflection and discernment of the consultant, without judgments or preconceptions, acting on the individual to generate more rational people, or existence closer to a less superficial and more meaningful life.

He performs philosophical counseling with Alcoholics and Drug Addicts, with inmates in jail, people with terminal illnesses, with people in mourning.

He gives lectures or seminars.

He collaborates in the process of elaboration of new laws, taking part in the committees that analyze, discuss and draft the final texts for important laws.

He writes academic books such as essays or articles addressed to the general public.

He carries out teaching and research within his area.

He gives philosophical orientation to Psychiatrists, Psychoanalysts, Therapists, Social Workers, Health professionals.

He is a consultant philosopher or facilitator in different organizations of the public or private sector, or with non-governmental organizations making contributions in theoretical approaches and various methodological proposals, such as:

-Tasks in which it is pursued from the optimization of the production by rational methods until techniques in the accomplishment of something, in which it will give a broader vision of the questions that are being addressed.

-Group Counseling and Group Facilitation.

-As he also brings the application of reason to conflict resolution.


Occupational Field

-Universities

-Schools

-Organizations of the public or private sector

-Non-governmental Organizations


Estimated time of College years

4 years


Main courses considered in the syllabus

Basic Training Courses

-Introduction to Philosophy

-General Literature

-History of Art

-Universal History

-Linguistic Communication Techniques

-Modern Languages

Professional Training Courses

- History of Ancient, Medieval, Modern and Contemporary Philosophy

-Logic (foundation and part of Mathematics) (2 semesters)

-Anthropology

-*Linguistics and *Semiotics

-Latin (2 semesters)

-Greek Language (2 semesters)

-*Metaphysics

-*Ethics

-*Natural Theology

-*Aesthetics

-*Theory of Knowledge

-Theory of Values

-*Political Philosophy

-Psychology

-*Philosophy of Science

-*Philosophy of Language

-*Philosophy of Nature

-*Theology

- Subjectivity and Reason in the Modern World

-*Epistemology

-Epistemology of Social Sciences

- Latin American Thought

-*Phenomenology

-*Hermeneutics

Specialties

Latin American Philosophy

Philosophy of Education

Political Theory

Logic and Theory of Science

Aesthetic Research and Art Criticism

Among others.


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career 


Interests

-Interest in Reading.

-Existential Disquiet.

-Love for wisdom.

-Strong and frequent anxiety for the meaning of life and the search for truth.

-Ethical and aesthetical sensitivity.

-Interest in letters and the structure of language (since the only way to explain an idea is through the language)

-Restlessness to ask the why, how and for what of the things that surround us.

-Motivation for research.


Skills

Reading Comprehension Skill

Ability for analysis and argumentation

*Abstraction and *Conceptualization Capacity

Good oral and written expression

Ability for research


Vocation

For wisdom, meaning of life and search for the truth that open up new horizons to the thought of human being.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.


Candidate Personality

Reflective

Critical Spirit

Rigorous


Work Scope

Urban


Related Careers

-Theology, Anthropology, Aesthetics, Linguistics.


*Glossary of Terms

*Abstraction: Isolate mentally or consider an attribute of an object separately. Or considering an object in its essence.

*Conceptualization: Relative to creating a concept.

*Concept: Devise a representative idea regarding something, formed through the abstraction of its features.

*Contingent: Associated with the events that have taken in society.

*Epistemology: It is the study of how scientific knowledge is generated and the criteria to be considered valid.

*Aesthetics: Philosophical and scientific study of art and beauty.

*Ethics: Philosophical reflection on morality.

*Phenomenology: Philosophical method that seeks its knowledge from the intuitive analysis of objects, infers its essential features from the experience instead of its transcendent aspect.

*Philosophy: It deals with the first principles and the general concepts of a given science: Example, philosophy of law, philosophy of history.

*Philosophy of Science: It deals with how scientific theories are developed, evaluated and changed, and whether science is capable of revealing the truth of the processes of nature.

*Philosophy of Nature: It deals with the cosmological problem, the origin of the world.

*Philosophy of Language: Study of the origin of language, its symbolization and meaning or interpretation of its meaning.

*Political Philosophy: It judges political facts from a philosophical perspective including an analysis of the political principles from an ethical point of view.

*Hermeneutics: Art of interpreting texts to determine their true meaning.

*Implications: Implicate: Involve, compromise.

*Intrinsically: Intrinsic: Part of the essence of something, of its nature.

*Linguistics: Science that deals with discovering and understanding the nature and the laws which govern language.

*Metaphysics: Knowledge of the first principles and causes of a thing.

*Premises: They are the ideas or assumptions on which an approach is based.

*Principles: Cause, reason.

*Rhetoric: Art of discourse.

*Semiotics: Non-linguistic signs.

*Theory of Knowledge: It seeks establishing the origin of knowledge, its nature and the scope it has.

*Theology: Science which studies God from the point of view of faith.

*Natural Theology: It is the attempt to find evidence of God without resorting to any supernatural revelation.

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