Special Education

Career Objectives

Ensuring the development of *potentialities and inclusion in the school, family and social environment of students with disability and/or special educational needs.

Professional Profile

Professional who contributes to the habilitation and rehabilitation of people, children, teenagers or adults who present some specific deficit, such as: vision disorders, hearing and language disorders, learning disabilities and mental impairment or with any other disorder that prevents or hinders learning or instruction at the appropriate level of education.

It is a training task in an individual way, focusing on their disability in an *integral way, so that they can perform properly in their environment with their own particular abilities.

Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

He carries out the detection, prevention and evaluation of the disabilities or learning difficulties of people.

He evaluates the special educational needs in relation to *neurological, psychological, *psycho-pedagogical, *phono-audiological and *audiological diagnoses of each student.

He determines the suitable *psycho-pedagogical intervention for each case, its monitoring and the intervention of other specialists, if necessary.

He uses *psycho-pedagogical strategies to favor the teaching/learning process, habilitation and/or rehabilitation of oral language of students with Mental Deficiency or Hearing and Language disorders.

He manages the various material and technology resources to optimize the pedagogical practice.

He prepares lessons and activities according to the needs and possibilities of each student.

He detects and evaluates those where there are better educational opportunities in the student.

He advises and conducts processes of early stimulation in children.

He uses methods and means suitable to deficiency and level of the student, such as the *Braille writing system or lip reading system; and monitors tasks in the classroom.

He organizes exercises, practical tasks and test, monitors and evaluates the progress of each student and exchanges views with parents, the teacher in charge, therapists, social workers and other people interested.

He evaluates the family and community context of students.

He plans, promotes, implements and evaluates strategies of effective involvement with the family of the students to favor the integration process in the functional, social and/or educational aspect.

He encourages students’ confidence, helps them to discover and adopt methods that attenuate the limitations imposed by their deficiency or difficulty and arouse the attitude of self-fulfillment.

He advises, prepares and conducts school projects.

Occupational Field

-Special schools

-Diagnostic Centers

-Municipal Councils for Social Development

-Workshops or Work centers for disabled people


-Hospital Classrooms

-Children’s homes

-Public Health Offices

-Centers of Early Stimulation

-The performance of this professional can be at the level of teaching, managerial or technical teaching.

Estimated time of College years

4- 5 years

Main courses considered in the syllabus.

Basic Training Courses

*Philosophy of Education

*Sociology of Education

Professional Training Courses

-Developmental Psychology (Children and Teenagers)

-Psychology of Learning


*Motor Disorders

*Pathology of Hearing and Language

-Diagnosis for Hearing and Language

-Basic Methodologies for Reading and writing

*Psychomotor education and Language

-Special Teaching (2 semesters)

-Educational Assessment

*Didactic Methods of Basic Sciences

*Didactic Methods of Mathematics

-Pedagogical intervention of Hearing Disorders

-Psychological Problems of Blind People

-Methodology of Multi-deficit

-Sign Language

*Braille System

-Communication skills workshop

-Visual Arts

*Applied Psychomotricity

-Physical and Recreational activity in Special Education

-Early Stimulation

-Computer Support Methods in Special Education

-Job Training and Orientation

-Design of School Integration Projects

-Practicum (7 semesters)

Complementary Training Courses


Educational Computing

Educational Administration and Management


Learning Disorders and Educational Inclusion

Vision and Hearing Disorders

Mental Impairment

*Cognitive Impairment and Severe Developmental Disorders

Special education for the blind and/or visually impaired

Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career 


-Strong motivation for Service

-Predilection for children

-Desire to spread joy and spirit for improvement

-Interest in Psychology

-Motivation for pedagogy/teaching

-Interest in the biology of the human organism.

-Respect for rights and social inclusion of people

-Observer of the human behavior


-Ease to interact with children

-Creative, thoughtful and critical

-Adaptability to teamwork

-Ease of communication and interpersonal relations to solve conflict situations.


For the service to people, especially being their support in overcoming adversity.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.

Candidate Personality

Respectful about individual differences


Emotional strength



Work Scope


In direct contact with people

Related Careers

-Psycho pedagogy, Occupational Therapy

*Glossary of Terms

*Audiological: Study of sound and hearing.

*Cognitive: Cognition: Knowledge of reality through reason.

*Didactic Method: Part of pedagogy which deals with practical systems and methods of teaching.

*Philosophy of Education: Universal principles that underpin the training task (teaching).

*Phonoaudiological: Speech-Language Pathology: Health science focused on the prevention, evaluation, diagnosis and therapy of language, speech, voice and hearing disorders.

*Integral: From multiple aspects: the body, mind, heart and soul.

*Ludic: Related to play.

*Neurological: Medical specialty that deals with the study of nervous system diseases.

*Neuropsychology: Science that studies the relation between brain function and the person’s behavior.

*Pathology: Disease.

*Potentialities: Potential: Possible to succeed or exist.

*Psychomotricity: Relationship between the psychic activity and the motor function of the human body.

*Psycho-pedagogical: Psycho-pedagogy: Science about the study, prevention and correction of the difficulties that a normal individual can present in the learning process.

*Braille System: Tactile reading and writing system (via touch) designed for blind people.

*Sociology: Study of society, as the social activity and the groups that comprise it.

*Motor Disorder: Alteration of the locomotor apparatus (The one composed by muscles and bones of the body) produced by injuries or dysfunctions of the neuromuscular system and/or the central nervous system.