Engineering Physics


Career Objectives

Contribute to the development of the country by providing greater technological independence.


Professional Profile

Professional who has theoretical knowledge of physics and a sense of concrete implementation in technology, thus connecting the scientific field with the business world.

He solves complex problems in different engineering areas and addresses challenges that require innovation. His job includes productive, medical, astronomical, *geophysical, *biotechnological, commercial areas, etc.

He can undertake postgraduate specialization in any field of physics and in various engineering areas.


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

He improves and develops analysis and calculation methods of physical phenomena.

He carries out the theoretical formulation of physical phenomena that are involved in a project.

He designs tests and *prototypes for research.

He designs the instrumentation for physical measurements in a wide range of projects.

He detects and solves applied physics problems, contributing advanced and *viable solutions in areas such as *nuclear physics, mechanics, electronics, astronomy, *thermodynamics, optics, acoustics, electricity and magnetism, etc.

In his investigations, he carries out experiments, collects data, analyzes of the physical situation that occurs there, describes which relations exist between the phenomenon’s factors he observes, later he tries to express those relations mathematically creating a *mathematical model, which will describe what he observes as well as possible and that will allow him to predict what would happen if certain conditions of his interest are given.

He carries out new experiments to see if the predictions of the model are correct, if not, that means that the model is no correct, so he reformulates it, improving or changing it completely.

He develops *simulation tools for physical systems based on the mathematical model.

In his task, he handles software and uses computer systems.

He evaluates results of research and experiments and draws conclusions.

He develops improvements and provides solutions to engineering problems.

He integrates multidisciplinary teams of research, development and application of new technology or adaptation of existing technology to industrial physical processes, related to:

Electronic Systems

Control Systems and Processes

Manufacturing Systems

*Artificial Intelligence Systems

Environmental Engineering Systems

Among others

In the industrial sector, he is also oriented to the material processing industry, carrying out experiments, trials and analysis on the structure and properties of matter in solid state and its behavior when subjected to different conditions of temperature, pressure, and fatigue, or other kind.

In medicine, he addresses specifically the areas that are related to optics and *nuclear physics.

In the field of the Environment, from his physical perspective, he contributes to the production of alternative energies, air and noise pollution control, waste management and renewable energies.

He contributes to *Biotechnology using physical techniques to understand biological processes.

He contributes to *Geophysics in studies regarding gravity, terrestrial magnetism, tides, earthquakes, tsunamis, etc.

He contributes to Electronics in the development and optimization of new components, conductors and devices.

He delivers certification to scientific and technology projects regarding their environmental impact.

He performs research publications and/or scientific dissemination.

He carries out experimental and research work in higher education centers in the field of physics.


Occupational Field

-Industries (in production departments, research and development departments, quality control departments).

-Mining

-Astronomical Observatories

-Industries (in Industrial development departments).

-Government Institutions (in areas of certification, environmental impact, project evaluation and fund administration for science and technology).

-In Public Agencies (linked to the generation of government policies towards Science and Technology and their allocation of resources).

-Hospitals

-Service Companies (patents, insurance companies)

-Commercial Companies (companies that commercialize scientific-technical instrumentation)

-Financial Institutions (*Technical feasibility study of economic and financial projects)

-Universities

-Science and Technology Research Centers

-Private company (in the meeting of new scientific or technological businesses and the development of new products).

-Consulting firms (to companies, industries and hospitals in the areas of electronics, computer science, manufacturing, environmental engineering, biotechnology and optics, material processing industry, cement industry, glass industry, metal industry, oil industry, etc).


Estimated time of College years

5 years


Main courses considered in the syllabus

Basic Training Courses

*Analytic Geometry

*Linear Algebra

*Differential Equations

*Calculus (3 semesters)

*Statistics and Probability

*Chemistry

Professional Training Courses

*Mathematical Methods in Physics

*Classical Mechanics (2 semesters)

*Thermodynamics

*Electricity and Magnetism

*Waves and Optics

*Fluid Mechanics

*Physical Chemistry

*Nuclear Physics

*Solid State Physics

*Materials Science

*Quantum Mechanics (2 semesters)

Physics Laboratory (2 semesters)

Computerized Technical Drawing

*Electrical Circuits (2 semesters)

*Electronics (2 semesters)

Electronics Laboratory

*Project Formulation

*Computer Science Fundamentals

Complementary Training Courses

*Project Evaluation

*Economics

*Ecology and sustainable development

Specialties

Physics of the Environment

Materials Science

Electronics (*Nanotechnology)

Medical Physics

*Biotechnology

*Geophysics

Astronomy Instrumentation

Instrumentation and Industrial Automation

Among others


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career


Interests

-Attention to physical phenomena that occur in everyday reality.

-Curiosity to know why physical phenomena happen.

-Appreciate his rigor and accuracy in Science and Technology

-Motivation for technological innovation

-Permanent curiosity for technological advances.

-Tendency to describe or study through the use of schemes or graphical representation.

-Interest in the application of knowledge.


Skills


Mathematical Skills

Understanding of Physical Phenomena

Abstraction ability, that is, consider and object or phenomenon in its essence; or isolate each of its characteristics mentally.

-Ability in the use of concepts and symbology.

Analytical Capacity: Method that focuses the whole and separates it into its basic elements to then see the relationship between these elements. This implies the division and identification of phenomena that occur.

Logical Reasoning: It is captured through the observation of a reality, a drawing, a diagram, the functioning of something, behavior, etc. Ability to analyze proposals or complex situations, predict consequences and be able to solve the problem in a consistent way.

Innovative: He tends to innovation in pursuit of incorporating new things, to use inventiveness either in new devices as well as in procedures or ways of doing things, which allow him to solve problems by creating new systems or adapting the existing reality to new requirements.

Inductive ability: That is, reason from the facts of a phenomenon to reach the laws that govern it.

Deductive ability: From a known general principle, conclude regarding a particular case.

Synthesis Capacity: Gather isolated parts or facts in a unifying idea. -Summary.

Spatial Location


Vocation

Know and use the laws of nature to create and develop advances in technology that provide knowledge and a greater industrial development.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.


Candidate Personality

Observant

Methodical

Tidy

Organized


Work Scope

Laboratory work aided by instruments and computer equipment; in interaction with professionals of the scientific and business field.


Related Careers

Physical Sciences


*Glossary of Terms

*Linear Algebra (Course): Part of mathematics corresponding to the in-depth study of vectors, their operations and where they are used.

*Amplifier: Device that takes a signal with weak power and retransmits it to a higher power.

*Database: It is a set of programs that manage a stock of data that is organized in a way that is easy to access, store and update them (These programs act as a librarian who manages a stock of books).

*Biotechnology: Technology that uses biological systems and living organisms or their derivatives for the creation or modification of products or processes.

*Biotic: Set of species of plants, animals and other organisms that occupy a certain area.

*Calculus, *Differential Equations (Course): Part of mathematics that takes charge of the dynamic factors of reality, dealing with concepts like derivatives and antiderivatives (or integral), where the derivative of a function gives the notion of how quickly a function grows (or decreases) at a certain point.

*Capacitor: A capacitor or condenser is an electrical component that stores energy in an electric field.

*Materials Science (Course): Study of the relation between the structure of a material at atomic and molecular level with its macroscopic physical properties, such as elastic deformations, discontinuity, hardening, fracture, fatigue in materials and other different problems of change in the microstructure generated by external forces.

*Electrical Circuits (Course): Circuit elements such as *resistors, *capacitors and *inductors. -Analysis techniques and design of electrical circuits. –Power calculation. *Polyphase circuits, among others.

*Polyphase Circuit: System formed by several conductors where a current of equal magnitude and frequency circulates but out-of-step with each other.

*Sustainable Development: Development that continues to be nourished by itself and thus remains in time.

*Diode: Semiconductor device that allows the passage of electric current in a single direction with characteristics similar to a switch.

*Ecology and Sustainable Development (Course): Human development and its impact on ecological systems. –Principles of environmental science. –Population: growth dynamics and control. –Resources of mineral deposits, water bodies and hydrological cycle. *Biotic resources. –Agricultural resources and other food and non-food production systems. –Pollution: its origins, consequences and control.*Sustainable development.

*Economics (Course): Science to which subject of study is the social organization of the economic activity, in which, through statistic and mathematical techniques, tries to quantify the main existing relations between several variables of the economic system.

The subject describe the basic concepts of the *macroeconomic and *microeconomic theory and shows applications in the industry.

*Electricity and Magnetism (Course): Study of electrical and magnetic phenomena, and the relation between them, such as: charges and electric fields, moving charges, magnetic field, and electromagnetic induction, among others.

*Electronics (Course): Operation and application of electronic components such as the *diode and *transistor. –Power sources. –Types of transistors.

-Basic configuration of an *amplifier *circuit and its operating mode. –Types of amplifier circuits and their characteristics. *Digital electronics. *Industrial electronics. –Computer *modeling and *simulation of *semiconductor devices and circuits.

*Digital Electronics: Circuits that work based on digital circuits, which are circuits that work with 2 states in their voltage (such as a switch) and they simulate highly complex mathematical logic constructions.

*Industrial Electronics: Electronic power circuits with applications to operate electric machines.

-Electronic instrumentation in the industry. –Industrial data networks.

*Statistics and Probability (Course): Techniques of data collection, presentation, treatment and analysis, to describe their characteristics.

-Key concepts of the *probability theory and its relation with *mathematical models.

-Its objective is to identify and establish models that describe random phenomena that arise in the engineering area.

*Project Evaluation (Course): Useful concepts and methods in decision making linked to the economic aspects of a project. Such as: Analysis of project development alternatives, financing, depreciation (decrease in the value or price of equipment), Taxes, among other factors.

*Data Structure: How data is organized in a computer to be used by computer programs.

*Quantum Mechanics (Course): Study of the atom, nuclei and elementary particles; matter at atomic scale and the forces that govern them, in order to explain the behavior of matter and energy.

*Solid State Physics (Course): Physical properties of solid materials such as crystalline materials what often have electrical, magnetic, optic or mechanical characteristics that can be exploited for engineering purposes and their development has been essential in the field of microelectronic technological applications by enabling the development of transistors and semiconductor materials.

*Classical Mechanics (Course): Causes that allow the balance of bodies. –Causes that give rise to the movement of bodies. –Conditions of rest and movement under the action of forces. –Resultant of a system of forces. –Different kinds of movement in bodies. –Equations of motion. –Newton’s laws of motion –Work and kinetic energy. –Vector study of the trajectory of a particle in space, among others.

*Nuclear Physics: It is the part of physics that studies the properties and behavior of atomic nuclei, which is the core part of the atom.

*Nuclear Physics (Course): The fundamental structure of matter and the interactions between subatomic particles. –The properties and behavior of atomic nuclei. –Radioactivity. –Nuclear reactions.

-Nuclear forces. *Nuclear *fission and *fusion, among others.

Knowledge used in Medicine in the radiology area that uses very small quantities of *radioactive substances to examine the function and structure of an organ.

*Physical Chemistry (Course): It is the branch of chemistry that studies the molecular interactions in matter due to physical effects, such as changes in temperature, pressure, volume, heat and work, as well as the study of optical, electrical, magnetic and mechanical properties at atomic and molecular level, among others.

*Nuclear Fission: It is the breakage of an atomic nucleus. When it breaks, it emits energy.

*Project Formulation (Course): Shape the project; describe it in clear and precise terms.

*Computer Science Fundamentals (Course): Computer tools such as *Operating system, Information Technology. –Use of application software in the area. *Computer programming. –Introduction to *Structured Programming. *Data Structure concepts. -Concepts of design and management of *Databases, among other topics.

*Nuclear Fusion: Union of two nuclei of atoms to form a single nucleus, and when it happens emits energy.

*Geophysics: Science that studies all the phenomena related to the structure, physical conditions and evolutionary history of the Earth in its physical aspect.

*Analytic Geometry (Course): It is the one that addresses geometric problems through graphs with the use of coordinates. This is achieved by transforming them into algebraic problems for their analysis and processing.

*Inductor: An inductor or coil is an electrical component that stores energy in a magnetic field.

*Artificial Intelligence: Branch of computer science that deals with artificial systems that acquire intelligence, including perception problems, reasoning and learning, the same way as the human brain does, and it has expert systems, robotics, natural languages, neural networks and fuzzy logic as research areas.

*Computer Language: Programming language: Language the computer uses to work.

*Macroeconomics: Regarding the production and consumption of the wealth of a country and the problems related to the level of employment.

*Fluid Mechanics (Course): Related to Statics (no motion) and Dynamics (in motion) of fluids. –Fundamental concepts and definition of fluid mechanics. –Flow analysis. –Flow meters. –Compressible and non-compressible fluids. Among other topics related.

*Microeconomics: Economic analysis related to the individual behavior of consumers, trades, producers, companies and industries, etc.

*Modeling: *Mathematical Model: It is the mathematical representation between entities, variables or operations, to study the relation of complex systems in situations that difficult to observe in reality.

*Nanotechnology: Field of Physics that controls and manipulates matter at atomic levels, creating microscopic elements for applications, devices and tiny instruments.

*Waves and Optics (Course): Oscillations, Mechanical Waves, Sound. –Electromagnetic Waves. –Behavior of light as a wave and its phenomena. –Optics Knowledge.

Electromagnetic or mechanical waves are part of physics that are used in medicine to obtain images in the diagnosis or prognosis and treatment of diseases such as X-rays, ultrasound, etc.

*Probability: Study of the frequency with which an event occurs or a result (or set of results) is obtained when carrying out a random experiment, of which all possible results are known under sufficiently stable conditions.

*Computer Programming: Study of the design and development of programs firstly in an algorithmic language (sequences of steps to be followed by the program) to later translate it into a *computer language.

*Structured Programming: It is a way to write computer programs in a clear way, where the structure of the program is arranged in modules in a hierarchical way.

*Prototype: It is the first device built in the development laboratory, but it is not yet the definitive one to market.

*Chemistry (Course): The atom. –States of matter. –Solutions and their properties. –Chemical equilibrium and Kinetics, among others.

*Resistor: A resistor is an electrical component that transforms electrical energy into thermal energy.

*Semiconductor: Material that acts as conductor or insulator of the electrical current depending on the temperature of the environment in which it is located.

*Simulation: Software program that tries to be a replica of reality phenomena, to carry out an exploratory work with it.

*Operating System: Set of programs devoted to the internal functioning of the computer and interpretation of the commands given by the user.

*Software: General term that is designated to different types of computer programs.

*Radioactive Substance: Substance that has the property of emitting radiation, which is electromagnetic energy or particles cast at a certain speed (kinetic energy).

*Information Technology: Computer tools to obtain, record, handle and distribute information, for instance: Internet, multimedia, etc.

*Thermodynamics (Course): Part of physics that studies the force and motion generated by calorific phenomena, thermal properties of matter, heat exchange in different systems. –Laws that govern thermodynamics.

*Transistor: Electronic device of semiconductor material that carries out functions as amplifier, oscillator, switch or signal rectifier.

*Viable: *Feasibility: That it is possible to carry out.

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