Medicine


Career Objectives

The maintenance of the health, recovery and rehabilitation of the disabled person to integrate him into the social environment


Professional Profile

Professional of the technical knowledge of Biological Sciences devoted to health.

Trained for the diagnosis and treatment of sick people, prevention of diseases, as well as the promotion and encouragement of the health of the individual and the population

He diagnoses standard of health of the community and manages the resources required for the development of actions intended for this task. He solves problems of the Public Health field, in which he addresses problems such as drug addiction, alcoholism and AIDS, as well as trying to decrease infant mortality, the increase of life expectancy and the strong significant reduction of infectious diseases and malnutrition.

With vast knowledge in basic biological processes, life cycle, *anatomic, *morphological, *physiological and *pathophysiological concepts and those factors that contribute to maintain, preserve and restore health.

Trained to adapt to epidemiological, scientific and technological changes

Undergraduate education is focused on the training of an unskilled general practitioner, capable of solving Primary Health problems, or with the ability to self-educate follow specialization or academic activities.

This activity allows him to develop cutting-edge research and work with advanced technology.


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

He carries out scheduled consultations.

He performs a physical examination of the patient.

He plans the study of the patient and determines the treatment to be followed.

He resolves *pathologies and prescribes medicine appropriate to the case.

He performs early diagnosis, that is, to identify health problems early.

He requests specialized help when appropriate.

In more complex pathologies, he appropriately and timely refers the patient to competent professionals in the corresponding specialty.

He carries out the initial emergency management.

He attends home visits.

He performs surgical tasks.

He determines and monitors the patient’s rehabilitation.

He provides palliative care and individual and family accompaniment in the death process.

He performs prevention and promotion of health at the individual and community level.

He administers and manages in the primary health care level, including leadership of multi-professional work teams, where he has to work with many people and hold conversations every day to relate the hospital with people and institutions, write articles, etc.

He deals with his own training, through attendance at conferences, courses, etc.

He keeps a relation with specialists for mutual collaboration.

He performs education tasks.

He participates actively in different scientific societies of the country.

He performs research works and presents them in Scientific Research Conferences.

He develops research projects. An example of this is the research on Clinical Immunology (Immunology is what is known as the body’s defense organisms), with specialization in the AIDS virus, in which he carries out laboratory research, working with the virus and studying the immune responses of the organism.


Occupational Field

Public or Private Health Centers, such as:

National Health System

Municipal Doctor’s Offices

Regional Hospitals

University Hospitals

Armed Forces Hospitals

Private Clinics

Medical Centers

Free exercise of the profession

Education and Research in Universities and Research Centers

Administration and Management in Health Centers

Advice to companies linked to the sector


Estimated time of College years

7 years

With a 5-year educational training, in addition to a 2-year internship cycle, where a primary care practicum is carried out in hospitals.

Main courses considered in the study plan

The curriculum lasts seven years.

In the first two years, the basic knowledge in basic science is provided in order to understand the scientific bases on which the medical knowledge is built.

In the third and fourth year, pre-clinical and clinical subjects, which comprise the scientific foundations of clinical diagnosis and the bases of *therapeutics in Medicine.

In the fifth year, we have medical-surgical clinical subjects that are tools for diagnosis and treatment of diseases.

Ending with two years of internship; Stage corresponding to 2 years of professional practice under the supervision of doctors who are also teachers.

General Training Courses

Introduction to Medicine, Philosophical Foundations of Medicine, History of Medicine, Medical Ethics, Administration and Social Medicine, Legal Medicine

Basic Training Courses

Mathematics, Organic Chemistry, Human Anatomy and *Embryology, Physics for Biomedical Science, Biomedical Applications of Physics, *Biostatistics

Professional Area

*Histology

Molecular Biology of the Cell

General *Physiology and *Biophysics

Human Physiology

*Neuroanatomy

*Neurophysiology

Care of the Sick Person

*Morphological and Functional *Pathology

*Clinical Training I, II, III, IV

Public Health

Microbiology y *Clinical Parasitology

*General Pharmacology

Integrated Medical Clinics

Integrated Surgical Clinics

Clinical Psychiatry

Pediatrics and Pediatric Surgery and *Orthopedics I

Obstetrics and Gynecology

*Dermatology

*Ophthalmology

Surgery Internship

Internal Medicine Internship

Obstetrics and Gynecology Internship

Pediatrics Internship

Outpatient Medicine Internship

Emergency Internship

Specialties

Once graduate, he can specialize in the area that interests him the most.

Some specialties of Medicine are: Ophthalmology, * Otorhinolaryngology, *Urology, Dermatology, *Orthotics, *Traumatology, *Gastroenterology, Pediatrics, Surgery, *Obstetrics and Gynecology, etc.

Or enter post-graduate programs such as:

Master’s degree in Science Human Anatomy, Master’s degree in Immunological Sciences, Master’s degree in Pathological Science, Postgraduate degree in Hematology, Clinical Laboratory, Internal Medicine, Clinical Microbiology, *Nephrology, Adult Psychiatry, Diploma Course in Public Health, among others.


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate for this career


Interests

Appreciation for Sciences

Specific interest in Biology, Chemistry and Physics

Interest in knowledge, methods and new techniques to cure diseases

Critical attitude towards scientific and technological advances


Skills

Understanding of Biology, Chemistry and Physics

Logical skill, which allow him to solve unexpected problems, make judgments and draw conclusions

Physical and mental health compatible with the career

Manual skill

Psychological Perception

Analytical ability


Vocation

Service vocation

Service and comfort

Great satisfaction to shake grateful hands and feel permanently useful

Devote life in favor of life

Genuine interest in exercising a profession that bases its work on scientific knowledge and want to solve something efficiently

And/or


Vocation in research

Going into the confines of the mystery of life and its struggle for it

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.


Candidate Personality

Empathy

Personal autonomy

Initiative

Ability to work under pressure

Capacity for interpersonal relationships that facilitate teamwork

Deeply respectful of human life and the special dignity of people


Work Scope

Urban, work in a hospital environment, in physical contact with people

He interacts with sick people

Management in operations and corpse dissection


Related Careers

Nursing, Physical Therapy, Speech Therapy, Obstetrics and Pediatrics, Dentistry, Medical Technology, Occupational Therapy, Nutrition and Dietetics

Glossary of Terms

*Anatomic: Anatomy: Study of the structure and relation of the different parts of the body.

*Biostatistics: Application of statistics to biology and more frequently to medicine.

*Biophysics: It studies biology with physics principles and methods, such as physics of hearing, biomechanics, etc.

*Clinics: Medical process of diagnosing a disease, based on the integration of the symptoms.

*Dermatology: Branch of medicine that studies the skin, its structure, function and diseases.

*Embryology: Biological science that studies the transformations undergone by the egg (zygote) from fertilization to birth.

*Pharmacology: Study of the actions of chemical substances in living organisms.

*Physics: Physics applied or oriented to the resolution of a biomedical problems. Oriented to physical phenomena related to the external environment that can affect health, functional anatomy, *physiology, *pathophysiology, or related diagnostic methods or medical *therapy.

Such as:

Kinematics (speed, acceleration, displacement); Dynamics (mass, force, Newton’s Laws, torque); Study of Fluids; Thermodynamics (heat, thermal conduction, radiation); Waves (oscillations, types of movement of these oscillations, mechanic wave propagation, ultrasounds); Electricity and Magnetism (electric charge, electric field, potential, electromotive force, circuit laws, magnetic field, electromagnetic waves, etc); Atoms (atomic structure, nuclear magnetic resonance, interaction radiation-matter); Optics (refraction, reflection, mirrors, lenses, optical fibers, laser, etc).

*Physiology: Study of the functions of the organism and its parts.

*Pathophysiological: Organic malfunction.

*Gastroenterology: Study of the functioning and diseases of the digestive tract.

*Gynecology: Part of medicine that deals with diseases of women.

*Histology: Study of organic tissues.

*Immunological: Immune System: It is the set of tissues, cells and molecules responsible for the collective and coordinated response to the introduction of certain foreign substances into the body.

*Mathematics: Mathematical approach to the models of medical sciences. –The concepts and procedures are based on real practical situations. –Presentation of the topics from three perspectives: geometrical, numerical and algebraic.

*Morphological: Morphology: Study of the form, especially of an organisms, or its parts.

*Nephrology: Medical specialty that deals with the study of the kidney structure and function, both in health and disease, including the prevention and treatment of kidney diseases.

*Neurophysiology: Normal functioning of the nervous system.

*Neuroanatomy: Composition of the nervous system.

*Obstetrics: Medical specialty that takes care of childbirth as well as pregnancy.

*Ophthalmology: Medical specialty that studies eye diseases and their treatment.

*Orthopedics: Technique to correct or avoid deformities of the human body.

*Otorhinolaryngology: Study of the ear, nose and throat diseases.

*Clinical Parasitology: Study of parasitic organisms and the effects they produce.

*Pathology: Disease.

*Chemistry: General chemistry and organic chemistry oriented to the understanding of the chemical aspects of Medicine. –Molecular structure.

*Therapeutics: Branch of medicine that studies the various means to treat diseases.

*Traumatology: Part of the surgery that deals with wounds or ulcers.

*Urology: Medical-surgical specialty that deals with the study, diagnosis and treatment of diseases that affect the urinary system.

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