The maintenance of the health, recovery and rehabilitation of the disabled person to integrate him into the social environment
Professional of the technical knowledge of Biological Sciences devoted to health.
Trained for the diagnosis and treatment of sick people, prevention of diseases, as well as the promotion and encouragement of the health of the individual and the population
He diagnoses standard of health of the community and manages the resources required for the development of actions intended for this task. He solves problems of the Public Health field, in which he addresses problems such as drug addiction, alcoholism and AIDS, as well as trying to decrease infant mortality, the increase of life expectancy and the strong significant reduction of infectious diseases and malnutrition.
With vast knowledge in basic biological processes, life cycle, *anatomic, *morphological, *physiological and *pathophysiological concepts and those factors that contribute to maintain, preserve and restore health.
Trained to adapt to epidemiological, scientific and technological changes
Undergraduate education is focused on the training of an unskilled general practitioner, capable of solving Primary Health problems, or with the ability to self-educate follow specialization or academic activities.
This activity allows him to develop cutting-edge research and work with advanced technology.
Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession
He carries out scheduled consultations.
He performs a physical examination of the patient.
He plans the study of the patient and determines the treatment to be followed.
He resolves *pathologies and prescribes medicine appropriate to the case.
He performs early diagnosis, that is, to identify health problems early.
He requests specialized help when appropriate.
In more complex pathologies, he appropriately and timely refers the patient to competent professionals in the corresponding specialty.
He carries out the initial emergency management.
He attends home visits.
He performs surgical tasks.
He determines and monitors the patient’s rehabilitation.
He provides palliative care and individual and family accompaniment in the death process.
He performs prevention and promotion of health at the individual and community level.
He administers and manages in the primary health care level, including leadership of multi-professional work teams, where he has to work with many people and hold conversations every day to relate the hospital with people and institutions, write articles, etc.
He deals with his own training, through attendance at conferences, courses, etc.
He keeps a relation with specialists for mutual collaboration.
He performs education tasks.
He participates actively in different scientific societies of the country.
He performs research works and presents them in Scientific Research Conferences.
He develops research projects. An example of this is the research on Clinical Immunology (Immunology is what is known as the body’s defense organisms), with specialization in the AIDS virus, in which he carries out laboratory research, working with the virus and studying the immune responses of the organism.
Public or Private Health Centers, such as:
National Health System
Municipal Doctor’s Offices
Armed Forces Hospitals
Free exercise of the profession
Education and Research in Universities and Research Centers
Administration and Management in Health Centers
Advice to companies linked to the sector
Estimated time of College years
With a 5-year educational training, in addition to a 2-year internship cycle, where a primary care practicum is carried out in hospitals.
Main courses considered in the study plan
The curriculum lasts seven years.
In the first two years, the basic knowledge in basic science is provided in order to understand the scientific bases on which the medical knowledge is built.
In the third and fourth year, pre-clinical and clinical subjects, which comprise the scientific foundations of clinical diagnosis and the bases of *therapeutics in Medicine.
In the fifth year, we have medical-surgical clinical subjects that are tools for diagnosis and treatment of diseases.
Ending with two years of internship; Stage corresponding to 2 years of professional practice under the supervision of doctors who are also teachers.
General Training Courses
Introduction to Medicine, Philosophical Foundations of Medicine, History of Medicine, Medical Ethics, Administration and Social Medicine, Legal Medicine
Basic Training Courses
Mathematics, Organic Chemistry, Human Anatomy and *Embryology, Physics for Biomedical Science, Biomedical Applications of Physics, *Biostatistics
Molecular Biology of the Cell
General *Physiology and *Biophysics
Care of the Sick Person
*Morphological and Functional *Pathology
*Clinical Training I, II, III, IV
Microbiology y *Clinical Parasitology
Integrated Medical Clinics
Integrated Surgical Clinics
Pediatrics and Pediatric Surgery and *Orthopedics I
Obstetrics and Gynecology
Internal Medicine Internship
Obstetrics and Gynecology Internship
Outpatient Medicine Internship
Once graduate, he can specialize in the area that interests him the most.
Some specialties of Medicine are: Ophthalmology, * Otorhinolaryngology, *Urology, Dermatology, *Orthotics, *Traumatology, *Gastroenterology, Pediatrics, Surgery, *Obstetrics and Gynecology, etc.
Or enter post-graduate programs such as:
Master’s degree in Science Human Anatomy, Master’s degree in Immunological Sciences, Master’s degree in Pathological Science, Postgraduate degree in Hematology, Clinical Laboratory, Internal Medicine, Clinical Microbiology, *Nephrology, Adult Psychiatry, Diploma Course in Public Health, among others.
Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate for this career
Appreciation for Sciences
Specific interest in Biology, Chemistry and Physics
Interest in knowledge, methods and new techniques to cure diseases
Critical attitude towards scientific and technological advances
Understanding of Biology, Chemistry and Physics
Logical skill, which allow him to solve unexpected problems, make judgments and draw conclusions
Physical and mental health compatible with the career
Service and comfort
Great satisfaction to shake grateful hands and feel permanently useful
Devote life in favor of life
Genuine interest in exercising a profession that bases its work on scientific knowledge and want to solve something efficiently
Vocation in research
Going into the confines of the mystery of life and its struggle for it
Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.
Ability to work under pressure
Capacity for interpersonal relationships that facilitate teamwork
Deeply respectful of human life and the special dignity of people
Urban, work in a hospital environment, in physical contact with people
He interacts with sick people
Management in operations and corpse dissection
Nursing, Physical Therapy, Speech Therapy, Obstetrics and Pediatrics, Dentistry, Medical Technology, Occupational Therapy, Nutrition and Dietetics
Glossary of Terms
*Anatomic: Anatomy: Study of the structure and relation of the different parts of the body.
*Biostatistics: Application of statistics to biology and more frequently to medicine.
*Biophysics: It studies biology with physics principles and methods, such as physics of hearing, biomechanics, etc.
*Clinics: Medical process of diagnosing a disease, based on the integration of the symptoms.
*Dermatology: Branch of medicine that studies the skin, its structure, function and diseases.
*Embryology: Biological science that studies the transformations undergone by the egg (zygote) from fertilization to birth.
*Pharmacology: Study of the actions of chemical substances in living organisms.
*Physics: Physics applied or oriented to the resolution of a biomedical problems. Oriented to physical phenomena related to the external environment that can affect health, functional anatomy, *physiology, *pathophysiology, or related diagnostic methods or medical *therapy.
Kinematics (speed, acceleration, displacement); Dynamics (mass, force, Newton’s Laws, torque); Study of Fluids; Thermodynamics (heat, thermal conduction, radiation); Waves (oscillations, types of movement of these oscillations, mechanic wave propagation, ultrasounds); Electricity and Magnetism (electric charge, electric field, potential, electromotive force, circuit laws, magnetic field, electromagnetic waves, etc); Atoms (atomic structure, nuclear magnetic resonance, interaction radiation-matter); Optics (refraction, reflection, mirrors, lenses, optical fibers, laser, etc).
*Physiology: Study of the functions of the organism and its parts.
*Pathophysiological: Organic malfunction.
*Gastroenterology: Study of the functioning and diseases of the digestive tract.
*Gynecology: Part of medicine that deals with diseases of women.
*Histology: Study of organic tissues.
*Immunological: Immune System: It is the set of tissues, cells and molecules responsible for the collective and coordinated response to the introduction of certain foreign substances into the body.
*Mathematics: Mathematical approach to the models of medical sciences. –The concepts and procedures are based on real practical situations. –Presentation of the topics from three perspectives: geometrical, numerical and algebraic.
*Morphological: Morphology: Study of the form, especially of an organisms, or its parts.
*Nephrology: Medical specialty that deals with the study of the kidney structure and function, both in health and disease, including the prevention and treatment of kidney diseases.
*Neurophysiology: Normal functioning of the nervous system.
*Neuroanatomy: Composition of the nervous system.
*Obstetrics: Medical specialty that takes care of childbirth as well as pregnancy.
*Ophthalmology: Medical specialty that studies eye diseases and their treatment.
*Orthopedics: Technique to correct or avoid deformities of the human body.
*Otorhinolaryngology: Study of the ear, nose and throat diseases.
*Clinical Parasitology: Study of parasitic organisms and the effects they produce.
*Chemistry: General chemistry and organic chemistry oriented to the understanding of the chemical aspects of Medicine. –Molecular structure.
*Therapeutics: Branch of medicine that studies the various means to treat diseases.
*Traumatology: Part of the surgery that deals with wounds or ulcers.
*Urology: Medical-surgical specialty that deals with the study, diagnosis and treatment of diseases that affect the urinary system.GO BACK