Obstetrics and Childcare 


Career Objectives

Promote, protect and recover the *gynecological and *obstetrical of the mother’s health and the newborn’s health.


Professional Profile

-Professional who integrates the health team for care, promotion and prevention of women’s health problems in all the stages of their life cycle, health and care for the newborn, as well as the health of the family and community, preferably related to sexual and reproductive health.

He has knowledge in the biological, psychological and social area, which are fundamental to understand the reproductive health process faced by women, as well as phenomena associated with their insertion in the family and community.

He/she can continue Master’s and PhD studies in Sexual and Reproductive Health, in Public Health, in Clinical Management, among others related to his/her work.


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

He is part of multi-professional and interdisciplinary health teams in the areas of *Obstetrics, *Gynecology, Sexual Health, *Neonatology and *Public Health.

He provides orientation and care for women during the periods of pre and postpartum, also including the psychological and social aspects of motherhood.

He intervenes in the comprehensive *gynecological health care for women throughout the life cycle, in coordination with the medical team.

He investigates any abnormality that affects the woman’s sexual and reproductive health and refers her to the medical team when opportune.

He assists labor by providing care and assessing the mother’s physical and emotional well-being permanently and collaborating with the doctor in medical and technical procedures.

He acts before emergency situations during pregnancy, birth and *puerperium.

He evaluates and looks after the normal newborn, in coordination with the medical team.

He investigates and refers the newborn that presents alterations early and timely, in coordination with the medical team.

He provides care to the high-risk newborn, in coordination with the medical team.

He deals with the care management in medical-surgical patients.

He evaluates and treats people with STD (sexually transmitted diseases) and AIDS, in coordination with the medical team.

He participates in fertility regulation plans and programs.

He is part of interdisciplinary groups to provide sexual and reproductive health care to teenagers.

He establishes a support relationship to the *psycho-social care of the woman and her family.

He performs, along with other professionals of the health area, an educational task towards the community in disease prevention, identification and solution of health problems and in promoting healthy lifestyles.

He takes part in the promotion of health at the pre-school, basic education, secondary education and higher education levels.

He contributes to the training of professionals and technicians in the areas of competence in universities and institutes.

He is part of Health interdisciplinary teams to carry out research activities in the field of Sexual and Reproductive Health and the *psycho-social area according to *demographic and *epidemiological changes, technological scientific advances and social changes.

He participates in the organization and *management of health services with the aim of raising the quality of care level.


Occupational Field

Public Hospitals and Armed Force Hospitals

Private Clinics

Public offices in *primary and secondary care management

Rural First Aid Stations

Universities, Institutes and Schools for prevention and education in health

National Health System

Work centers and specific institutions related to women

Laboratories

Private Consultancies

Among others


Estimated time of College years

5 years

Main courses considered in the study plan

Basic Training Courses

*Basic Anatomy and Histology (2 semesters)

*General Chemistry and Biochemistry (2 semesters)

*Microbiology

*Cell Biology/Cytology

*Genetics Principles

*General Psychology

Professional Area

*Introduction to the Profession

*Normal Obstetrics (2 semesters)

*Nursing Principles and Techniques (2 semesters)

*Maternal and *Perinatal Health (4 semesters)

*Growth and Development

*Embryology

*Physiology

*Pathophysiology

*Pharmacology

* Neonatal Nursing (2 semesters)

General *Pathology

*Risk Prevention and First Aid

*Learning Psychology

*Developmental Psychology

*Research Methodology

*Social Anthropology

*Education for Health

*Community Health (4 semesters)

*Public Health (2 semesters)

*Ethics and Legislation

*Administrative Management in Health

Specialties

Public Health,*Neonatology *Gynecology, High Risk *Obstetrics, among others


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate for this career


Interests

Oriented mainly towards the human being

Strong motivation for service

Natural interest in the physical contact with people

Curiosity about Biology

Appreciation for the Scientific Method

Interest in the technological and scientific changes applied to health professions

Social awareness: ability to respect diversity of customs, ethnic groups, beliefs, ideas and practices of people, groups and communities.


Skills

Organized

Methodical

Observant

Adequate manual dexterity

Ability to establish interpersonal relationships that require direct physical contact

Psychological perception

Physical health compatible with prolonged and varied working days

Emotional stability and strength to provide support, advice, guidance and motivation

Ability to work in team


Vocation

Satisfaction to serve in the arrival of a new life, in humanitarian support and in direct contact with people

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.

Candidate’s Personality

*Empathetic

Patient

Detail-oriented

Organized


Work Scope

Social and Hospital Environment


Related Careers

Nursing, Medicine, specializing in Gynecology, Medicine, specializing in Pediatrics

Glossary of Terms

*ADN: Macromolecule that is part of all the cells, which contains the genetic information used in the development and functioning of living organisms. It is responsible for the hereditary transmission.

*Anatomy: Study of the structure of living being, that is to say, of the form, location, arrangement and relation between them of the organs that compose it.

*Basic Anatomy and *Histology: Human *anatomy with application to clinics. -Spatial location of the different organs that make up the human being. –Nomenclature and anatomic language. –Materials and instruments used in learning *anatomy. –Scientific method in the problem solving. –General and functional *histological structure of the organs and systems that make up the human body. –Different tissues of the body and the way these organize the organs. –Scientific bases for understanding the relationships that exist between structure and function. –Use of current scientific terminology related to *histology and *physiology.

*Biostatistics: Application of statistics to biology.

*Bioethics: Ethical aspects of Medicine and Biology.

*Cell Biology/Cytology: Knowledge of the cell. *Eukaryotic Cell. –Evolution, organization, functionality and cellular dynamics mainly in *eukaryotic cells models. –Analysis criteria through the scientific method.

*Biochemistry: Study of the processes and chemical compounds in living organisms.

*Eukaryotic Cells: Cell with nucleus, in which DNA is found.

*Growth and Development: Growth and Development in the stages of the life cycle. –Factors that intervene in the intrauterine growth and cause growth restriction. –Characteristics of growth and development in the newborn, infant, pre-school, school, adolescent, adult and older adult stages.

*Demographic: Related to the quantitative study of human populations regarding their dimension, structure, evolution and general characteristics.

*Education for Health: The health process and its conditioning factors. –Education of healthy lifestyles. –Basic elements of the teaching and learning process, both individually and collectively.

*Embryology: Development patterns and *morphogenetic processes in the human biological system. –Events that ensure the continuity of life, the normal development of the individual during *gestation and the most frequent alterations. –Periods of embryo-fetal development with tissue formation and distinction.

*Empathetic: Empathy: Ability to understand how others feel, that is, to put yourself in their place and understand them.

*Neonatal Nursing: Prevention and early detection of problems in the newborn. –Risk of infant mortality due to illnesses. –Treatment and procedures. –Ethical problems in *Neonatology. –Activities in hospitals performing the high-risk newborn care. –Knowledge of the materials and equipment used in the Service.

Epidemiology: Biology of parasites that cause diseases.

*Ethics and Legislation: Main ethics and *bioethics concepts and their application in the professional exercise.

*Ethical: Moral aspect of an action.

*Pharmacology: Study of drugs and the action they perform in the body.

*Pharmacology (Course): Pharmacokinetics, that is to say, the destination of drugs in the body, which includes their absorption, distribution, *metabolism and excretion. –Pharmacodynamics, that is to say, the effects of each drug on a specific system, organ or tissue of the organism.

*Physiology: Study of the normal functions of the body and their internal regulation mechanism.

*Physiology (Course): The organization and functioning processes of the normal organism and their regulation. –Interrelation of the functions of the different systems, among others.

*Pathophysiology: Organic malfunctioning.

*Pathophysiology (Course): Description of the disordered function in the diseases. -Interpretation of the symptoms and signs of the disease. –Mechanisms involved in the alteration of systems. –Impact of these pathologies in pregnancy, birth and/or *puerperium. –Therapeutic choices aimed at correcting the disordered function.

*Gestation: Period of time in which a baby spends in the womb.

*Management: Carry out procedures conductive to bring about the achievement of a goal. –Set of procedures carried out to solve an issue or to perform a task.

*Administrative Management in Health: Basic administration elements. –Techniques and procedures of the Administrative Process. –Administrative Process applied to Health. –Management of existing administration tools in the Service. –Organization of human and material resources available in health services.

*Gynecology: Medical and surgical specialty that treats diseases of the female reproductive system (uterus, vagina and ovaries).

*Hypothesis: Explanation given to the notion of a phenomenon, which has not yet been proven.

*Histology: Study of the organic tissues.

*Introduction to the Profession, Midwife: Integrating vision of the meaning of this occupation, midwife, and his/her impact on the health of women, their family and the community. *Ethical, philosophical and scientific fundamentals that shape their professional training and exercise.

*Measurable: That something can be measured.

*Metabolism: Set of physical-chemical reactions occurring in cells to convert food into energy.

*Research Methodology: Stages of the research process: Problem definition; Formulation of *Hypothesis; Theoretical Framework which serves as the basis for scientific work. -Definition of the research’s general and specific objectives; Definition of variables; Operate the variables to make them *measurable. –Statistics as a research instrument.

*Microbiology: *Epidemiological and control aspects of parasitic infections, bacteria and viruses.

*Microbiology (Course): Study and knowledge of microorganisms that produce *pathologies or that are related to the human body in some way. –Biology of microorganisms. –Relations that exist between microorganisms and the environment in which they operate. –Problems that compromise health of humans derived from their development. –Existing methods to prevent, inhibit and also eliminate their action.

*Morphogenetic: Localized area of ​​the embryo that has effects on the development of certain organs.

*Neonatal: Relative to the first month of life.

*Neonatology: Study of the newborn.

*Obstetrics: Branch of Health Science that deals with pregnancy, childbirth and *puerperium.

*Obstetrical: Related to health during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum.

*Normal Obstetrics (Course): Reproduction process from a *physiological, *psycho-social – emotional and nutritional point of view. –Identification and satisfaction of needs of the *puerpera and newborn. –Necessary techniques and procedures in Nursing.

*Pathology: Disease.

*General Pathology (Course): Simultaneous diseases and their manifestations throughout the body system. –Possible causes. –Interrelations between the different diseases according to classification and chronology, their symptoms, course and prognosis. –Change of structures. –Transformation mechanisms. –Female reproductive pathology, breast, Pregnancy and *Pediatric Pathology.

*Perinatal: Time immediately before or after the moment of birth.

*Risk Prevention and First Aid: Basic knowledge about emergencies of modern life. –Emergencies to which children, adults and the *senescent are exposed throughout the life cycle. –Preventive aspects. –Theoretical contents in occupational health and natural and provoked disasters.

*Genetics Principles: Basic theoretical and practical knowledge of the transmission mechanisms, variability and alteration of the genetic material, with special reference to the human species. –Description of the transmission mechanisms of hereditary traits, the action of genes and the changes that occur at the level of genetic material. –Relations and outreach of genetics with other scientific disciplines. –Causes of the population variations and their biological meaning.

*Nursing Principles and Techniques: Theoretical knowledge of basic techniques of General Nursing. –Practice workshop of nursing techniques in Obstetrics and Gynecology, Operating Room, Sterilization, Emergency and Medical surgical services. –Basic techniques in nursing care coming from medical indications.

*Learning Psychology: Theoretical and practical knowledge in the acquisition and use of knowledge, processes and mental representations used when learning. –Scientific perspective of the learning process. –Different learning theories. –Concepts and organization of the teaching-learning process.

*Developmental Psychology: Distinguishable periods from conception to death. –Particular manifestations that different psychological processes in each of these stages. –Psychological demonstrations of the individual and the relationship with his process of social adaptation.

*General Psychology: Basic processes of the psychic activity and its evolutionary development. –Knowledge of the psychic functions, highlighting: their origin, biological basis, development and what prevents normal development. –Conduct disorders.

*Psychosocial: Related to the psychological and social aspects of health, disease, treatment and rehabilitation.

*Puericulture: It means “childcare”, that is, the art of rearing.

*Puerperium: Postpartum period, of about six weeks, in which the mother’s body recovers the state prior to pregnancy gradually.

*General Chemistry and Biochemistry: Fundamentals of general chemistry and organic chemistry related to the functioning of a normal human being. *Biochemistry, *Physiology, *Pharmacology, *Microbiology Concepts.

*Community Health: Concepts, knowledge and elements of community health. –Promotion and protection of maternal and *Perinatal health in the family and community context. –Practical activities in offices (hospitals). –Methodological tools to carry out actions for the promotion and protection of health at a collective level.

-Prevention, early detection and early treatment of health problems of women, family and community. –Strategies in emergencies or disasters.

*Maternal and *Perinatal Health: Theoretical and practical methods and procedures used in the comprehensive assistance to the pregnant woman and her newborn, in the High Risk Unit; Gynecological-Obstetric Emergency Unit; Delivery Unit; Newborn Unit; Documents of habitual use in the Unit where the care of the pregnant woman or her newborn is performed. –Knowledge of complications during pregnancy, childbirth or *puerperium as a result of sexually transmitted diseases or the effect of another disease. –Most frequent gynecological pathologies, formulation of diagnoses and treatment.

*Public Health: Analysis of the characteristics of the health system of the country. –Importance of the demographic information in the planning and programming of health activities. *Epidemiological method in the analysis of health situations. –Basic knowledge on *biostatistics and its application to the understanding and formulation of relevant *epidemiological problems. –Computer tools applicable to *biostatistics and *epidemiology.

*Senescent: Person in the aging stage.

*Social Anthropology: Health in historical social processes, culture and family. –Basic needs of the human being and their relation to sociocultural variables. –Beliefs and popular health practices. –Educational approaches for the population. –Role of the nursing professional in community care programs.

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