Fisheries Engineering 


Career Objectives

Optimize and deal with all types of fishing, aquaculture and inland waters activities.


Professional Profile

-Fishing activity professional who deals with both the field of catching and removal, processing (flour, canned food, frozen food, etc) and management of the fishing industry.

He addresses the area of sea fishing and farming of species for production in the aquaculture field.

In his task, he integrates aspects of fishing technology, economics of productive activity and the rational and efficient fishing management, ensuring this one is sustainable in space and time.


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

He performs the business management and administration of fisheries. In that: he optimizes and manages the fishery system in relation to resources and technology used, evaluating economic factors that have an impact on the different stages of their productivity, in order to obtain higher yields at a lower cost.

He optimizes the performance of Transportation and Marketing of products.

He creates new forms of fisheries management, regulation and use.

He deals with the installation, organization, operation and control of fishery systems.

He is responsible for fish catching, dealing with the coordination and operation of fishing vessels.

He contributes to the improvement, adaptation and innovation of fishing gear and methods, such as new forms of extraction, fishing activities of vessels, equipment and materials for the task, etc.

He is responsible for the production, addressing the design, installation, organization, operation and control of product processing systems in the fishing industry.

He implements technology by looking for new ways of processing fishing raw material.

He creates and manufactures new products, optimizing and innovating the use of *hydrobiological resources for industrial use.

He deals with Hygiene and Industrial Safety.

He designs methods to evaluate, rate and control the sensory, nutritional and sanitary quality of fishery products.

He carries out the training and specialized technical support in the field of fisheries and *aquaculture.

He takes care of a rational and sustainable exploitation by making good management of the current fishery resources and *potential resources, in order to strike a balance between the ecosystem and the concept of responsible fishing to achieve a renewable natural resource.

He investigates on fishery resources, such as the biological and marine research of coastal regions, detecting different *biotic recourse banks and/or formation of schools.

He deals with Environmental Protection, demanding a systematic and appropriate monitoring of the impact this activity exerts on the system, to avoid or reduce environmental pollution and to protect and preserve marine ecosystems.

He collaborates in the planning of the national fisheries development, including aspects of the economy of the productive systems, both traditional and industrial.

He performs maritime and work-related *expertise.

He cooperates in the legislation for the preservation of marine fishing resources of the region and the country.

He performs scientific fisheries research on the raising and harvesting of *hydrobiological resources, both marine and inland waters.

He performs the design, installation, organization, operation and control of farming systems in aquaculture.


Occupational Field

-Industrial Fishing Companies

-Artisanal Fishing Companies

-Deep-sea Fishing Companies

-Fishmeal and fish oil processing companies

-Fish freezing and refrigeration companies

-Canned food companies for *hydrobiological resources.

-Industry of the design and construction of fishing gear and equipment.

-National marine research agency.

-Public and private exploration and fishing prospecting institutions.

-State organizations devoted to fisheries development.

-Governmental branches and banking institutions, taking part as adviser or responsible for investment projects linked to fishing.

-Intermediate and higher education institutions, in the training of technicians and professionals in the area of their specialty.


Estimated time of College years

5 years

Main courses considered in the study plan

Basic Training Courses

Mathematics (5 semesters)

*Physics (4 semesters)

*Chemistry (2semesters)

*Biochemistry

*Aquatic Biology

Professional Training Courses

*Aquatic Ecology

*Fisheries Meteorology and Oceanography

*Fishery Resources Management

*Population Dynamics

*Statistical Methods

Analysis of Fishing and Aquaculture Data

*Research Methodology

*Fishing Gear (2 semesters)

*Fishing Technology (2 semesters)

Fishing Vessels

*Fishery Machinery

*Navigation

*Technical Drawing

*Industrial Installations and Equipment (2 semesters)

*Management and Conservation of Fishery and Aquaculture products (2 semesters)

*Microbiology

*Bromatology (Food Science)

*Processing of Fishery and Aquaculture Products

*Industrial Safety and Hygiene

*Operations Management (2 semesters)

*Marketing of Fishery and Aquaculture Products

Complementary Training Courses

*Environmental, Fisheries and Aquaculture Law

*Applied Computer Science

*Engineering Economics

*Accounting and Costs

Specialties

-Catching, Industrial Processing, Fisheries Management and Marketing, Aquaculture.


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate for this career


Interests

-Special interest in the sea and marine resources

-Strong tendency towards productive work.

-Interest in the application of physical, chemical, mathematical and specially, biological sciences.

-Motivation for being in contact with nature.

-Interest in technology application.

-Motivation for organization.


Skills

-Good understanding of mathematics, physics, chemistry and biology.

-Planning and organization ability in the sequences of development of a task.

-Communication and teamwork skills.

-Ability to act in a changing environment.

-Ability to distribute attention in many relevant details and to solve varied situations.

-Spatial location. Draw a system in his mind and visualize it in operation.

-Persuasion skill.


Vocation

-Motivation for the use and care of marine biological resources in order to meet human needs improve quality of life.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.


Candidate Personality

Organized

Methodical

Practical sense

Adaptability to work in groups

Good human relations

Self-confidence

Tolerance in treatment

Authority in front of a group


Work Scope

-Industries, laboratories and field trips in vessels where life is developed with a lot of contact with nature.

- Good health is needed to withstand in the open air the diverse climatic conditions to be faced in the work in the sea.


Related Careers

-Aquacultural Engineering, Aquaculture Technology, Biological Oceanography, Marine Biology, Marine Ecology, Food Engineering.

Glossary of Terms

*Aquacultural *Aquaculture: Farming technique for aquatic plant and animal species.

*Operations Management (Course): Planning, organization, direction, control and evaluation of performance. –Human Resources Management.

*Fishing Gear (Course): Industrial Fishing, small-scale fishing, Fishing Techniques and Tactics, Fishery Systems, among others.

*Benthos: Community formed by organisms that live in the bottom of aquatic ecosystems.

*Aquatic Biology (Course): *Physiology of marine organisms. –Functioning of plant and animal organisms of aquatic environments. *Cell physiology.

*Biochemistry (Course): Structure of biomolecules and chemical reactions that take place inside the cells: metabolism (way in which the organism converts food into energy and then removes waste products) of carbohydrates (sugar), lipids (fat), proteins and nucleic acids (biomolecules that are present in all the cells and constitute the material base of inheritance that is transmitted from one generation to another).

*Biotic: Set of species of plants, animals and other organisms that occupy a given area.

*Bromatology (Course): Analysis and study of food, its ingredients and nutritional properties. –Food technology.

*Nautical Chart: It is a scale representation of navigable areas and attached terrestrial regions. It determines geographical coordinates of different points in the sea; it shows water depth and heights, nature of the seabed, details of the coast, including ports, navigation hazards, location of lighthouses and other aids for navigation.

*Marketing (Course): Marketing strategies. *Market Research. –Plans and sales operations. –Distribution media for products. –Pricing. –Discount percentage. –Delivery time. –Budgets for sales promotion campaigns, among others.

*Accounting and Costs (Course): Basic accounting concepts and procedures. *Financial Statements. –Analysis and interpretation of Financial Statement. –Types of expenses existing within a company, either from production, broken down machinery, etc. –Budget Control System.

*Convection: Vertical circulation of a fluid due to heating of the lower part. When the material is heated, it becomes less dense and rises while the colder and heavier material sinks.

*Technical Drawing (Course): Measurements and dimensions with which a piece or a system is represented. –Standardized symbology used in the drawing of plans. –Interpretation and reading of structural plans, electrical plans, etc, among others.

*Population Dynamics (Course): Methodology for the measurement of fish, crustaceans and mollusks, body size or length. –Distribution of organisms by age and sex. –Distribution of organisms by size and weight, growth rates. –Reproductive aspects: recruitment, fertility, birth *rate. *Mortality rate. -Mortality rate by age, sex and causes.

*Aquatic Ecology (Course): Main types of ecosystems, *populations, pollution and environmental hygiene of ecosystems, harmful effects on living resources resulting from marine activities.

*Statistics: Statistics is the mathematical study of processes which response is not possible to determine with accuracy since they are random processes.

*Financial Statements: These are reports that institutions use to report their economical and financial situation.

*Fishery Resources Management (Course): Direct or indirect methods of resource assessment. –Abundance of the resource. –Spatial and temporal distribution. –Total allowable catches.

*Physics (Course): Classical Mechanics: Conditions of rest and movement of a body under the action of forces. –Different force systems. –Relation between the force applied and movements.

*Thermodynamics: Thermodynamics principles. –Conduction, *convection and radiation processes of heat. –Applications to phenomena of gas mixture, combustion and heat transfer. –Thermodynamics applied to Process Engineering. –Most relevant thermodynamic cycles in power plants and refrigeration plants. –Industrial production of heat and design of heat exchangers, among others.

Waves and Electromagnetism: Fundamental principles and laws of electromagnetism. –Electrical field, potential difference. –Capacitance of a systems and the electric potential energy stored in it. –Behavior of resistive electric circuits. –Magnetic field. –Physical and mathematical bases of electric and magnetic fields. –Physical and mathematical tools for the analysis of wave propagation. –Use of instruments. –Fluid Mechanics: Laws and properties of fluids (liquids and gases). –Movement of fluids. -Fundamental equations of static and fluid dynamics.

*Physiology: Study of the activities and biological, chemical and physical processes of the functioning of living organisms and their components (cells, tissues, organs and organ systems).

*Hydrobiological: Referred to life on the water.

*Industrial Hygiene and Safety (Course): Risks in Fisheries and Aquaculture facilities. –Legislation on Safety and Hygiene. –Occupational risks. –Fire control. –Safety and hygiene measures in People and Equipment. –Environmental factors, Safety of Life at Sea. –Pollution sources. –Water supply and tributary treatment. –Solid waste management.

*Financial Engineering (Course): It is in charge of the capital in the decisions made by engineers to achieve a technical analysis with emphasis on economic aspects.

It is focused on mathematical concepts and techniques applied to the analysis, comparison and assessment of financial alternatives of engineering projects, to choose the most inexpensive possible. Among them: Investment alternatives. –Expenses. –Financing. –Taxes. –Depreciation (decrease of the value or price of equipment over time), removal and replacement of equipment, etc.

*Applied Computer Science: Use of software and hardware available for specific application to the area.

*Market Research: Study of the needs, desires and behavior of consumers to determine the production accordingly.

* Environmental, Fisheries and Aquaculture Law (Course): Law of Navigation and Maritime Commerce. –Fisheries and Aquaculture Law: Licenses, permissions and authorization, fishing rights and their application. –Commercialization and Industrialization of fishery products.

National Waters Law: Boundaries of territorial sea.

Ecological Balance and Environmental Protection Law: Prevention of marine pollution. -Procedures and Authorizations for the Establishment of Aquaculture Production Units.

*Management and Conservation of Fishery and Aquaculture products (Course): Conservation techniques of a fishery product: acts aimed at maintaining or preserving it before being processed or consumed without apparently modifying its original characteristics. –Storage and Transportation.

*Fishery Machinery (Course): Machines and thermal, electrical and hydraulic installations used in fishing operations.

*Fisheries Meteorology and Oceanography (Course): The atmosphere and its changes. –Atmospheric gases. –Structure of the Atmosphere. –Fisheries Meteorology and Oceanography in relation to the management of fishing and aquaculture activities. –Objectives and Problems of Fisheries Oceanography. –Behavior and Abundance of Fishery and aquaculture resources in relation to the Environment. –Oceanographic data such as temperature, salinity, nutrients, tides, etc.

*Research Methodology (Course): Stages of the scientific research process and its application to problem solving.

*Statistical Methods (Course): Basic studies of the collection, processing and analysis techniques of a portion of data (sample) of a large set of them (universe), in order to describe their characteristics; and the study of the probabilities that these characteristics are given in all that universe. -Analysis of some random experiments that occur in nature and in engineering.

*Microbiology (Course): Bacteria, fungi and yeasts, protozoa, viruses, Elimination and Control of microorganisms, Water, Air and Soil and *Benthos Microbiology. –Application of microbiology in the Industry, the Environment and the Fish and Aquaculture production.

*Navigation (Course): Interpretation and use of the information obtained by means of electronic navigation equipment. –Reading, interpretation, use and application of a *nautical chart. –Management and use of the electronic navigation systems in a practical way

*Unit Operations: They are each of the actions necessary in the raw material processing, whether their transformation and/or adaptation process (chemical and physical processes) as well as the actions necessary to carry out their transport.

*Expertise: Study performed by an expert in order to corroborate certain circumstances or facts.

*Population: Set of organisms or individuals that coexist in the same space and time, and share certain biological properties.

*Processing of Fishery and Aquaculture Products (Course):  Processes and *unit operations of the different industrial fishing activities and the technical standards of processing plants of fishery and aquaculture products. –Quality control management.

*Fishing Prospecting: Set of tasks or procedures aimed at the search of fishing resources.

*Chemistry (Course): General Chemistry: Concepts of measurements, nomenclature (rules and standards to name all those combinations that occur between elements and chemical compounds), stoichiometry (study of the proportions of matter involved in a chemical reaction), study of gases, properties of aqueous solutions. –Analytical Chemistry: Analysis and interpretation of Chemical Reactions. –Analysis techniques that allow identifying the constituents of different samples qualitatively and quantitatively (Which elements make it up and in which proportion they are). –Organic Chemistry: Study of molecules that contain carbon and that are found in living beings.

*Fishery and Aquaculture Resources (Course): Natural aspects of the resource. –Composition of *populations. –Abundance of the resource. –Their spatial and temporal distribution. –Freshwater aquaculture, among others.

*Potential Resources: Possible resources to exist.

*Rate: Coefficient expressing the relationship between the amount and frequency of a phenomenon.

*Fishing Technology (Course): Main materials and accessories used in Fisheries and Aquaculture. –Design and construction of fishing gear such as nets, knots and seams in threads, ropes and cables. –Forces that act in Fishing Gear. –Behavior of aquatic organisms before fishing gears and cages. –Design and construction of cages and fishing weirs in Aquaculture, among other topics.

*Thermodynamics: Part of physics in charge of studying phenomena related to heat.

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