Risk Prevention Engineering


Career Objectives

Decrease of industrial hazards and occupational diseases.


Professional Profile

-Professional who preserves the physical integrity and health of workers.

-His task is the analysis, design and implementation of *integrated systems and programs which objective is to minimize losses of human resources, facilities and equipment.

He has scientific and technical knowledge such as Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Statistics and Administrative Science for their application in risk prevention, as well as knowledge and techniques of the area of protection of people such as *Epidemiology, *Toxicology, Workplace Health and *Industrial Hygiene.

Prevention contributes to the Corporate Social Responsibility and Best Practice of the company; and in the medium and long term to its economy and the effectiveness and efficiency at work.


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

-He applies policies and preventive solutions to occupational hazards within the current legal regulations framework.

-He focuses on occupational risks from a biological, economic, administrative, geographical, social, engineering and ethical point of view.

-He upholds health standards of workers according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

-He studies working operations and production processes to obtain details about the nature of tasks, materials and equipment used, chemicals, people affected and time spent on tasks.

-He analyzes, evaluates and controls machine and equipment installation, storage and transportation, electricity installations, fire management, risks of falls from height, etc.

-He detects accident risks due to the handling of machines and tools, detecting possible sources of accident rates; he studies statistical samples thereon and the consequences of current risk actions.

-He studies the design of the workstation according to an *ergonomic form, considering physical work load, awkward positions, repetitive movements, etc.

-He performs work organization. –Pace, pauses, turns and rotation.

He identifies hazards and properly evaluates the risks of the use and handling of hazardous materials, identifying the various polluting agents that can hinder work actions and prevent these situations from happening, such as:

-Existing chemical components, exposure assessment, actions on the pollution source, actions on the individual, personal protective equipment.

-He evaluates the risks of exposure to physical factors such as: noise, vibrations, thermal environment, ionizing radiations, non-ionizing radiations, biological contaminants, etc.

-He implements standards and safety signs.

-He creates emergency and self-protection plans.

-He compares the danger of workers’ exposure to a polluted environment with more generalized hygienic criteria and current legal regulations.

-He applies appropriate methods and instruments to measure the magnitude of workers’ exposure to environments that can cause damage.

-He keeps records of both those measurements and the personnel exposed and analyzes them *statistically.

-He participates with other professionals in technology adaptation programs and implementation of industrial processes to use clean technologies and with energy efficiency.

-He investigates accidents at work in order to determine the causes and prevent their recurrence, adopting measures that correct the problem.

-He determines control measures and implements *occupational safety and health management systems.

-He works along with specialized teams in the measurement of physical, chemical and biological factors in the *industrial and *environmental hygiene.

-He designs periodic *monitoring of Industrial *hygiene and industrial waste that contaminate the environment.

-He plans continuous improvement strategies of risk prevention and clean production.

-He evaluates occupational and environmental risks associated with different *investment projects and designs the strategies to reduce and prevent it.

-He carries out an educational action to prevent risks and promotes the training of workers.

-He performs Occupational Risks and Environmental *Audits.

-He performs technical advice to supervisors, *joint committee and technical administration lines.


Occupational Field

-Industries

-Construction Companies

-Fishing Companies

-Agricultural Companies

-Service Companies

-Real Estate Companies

-Mutual organizations

-Chemical Laboratories

-Transport Companies

-Trade

- Consultancy of Occupational and Environmental Risks

-Ministries

-Municipalities

-Research Centers

-Universities

-Independent advisory and inspection


Estimated time of College years

4 to 5 years


Main courses considered in the syllabus 

Basic Training Courses

Mathematics (4 semesters)

Classical Mechanics

*Organic Chemistry

Professional Training Courses

-Applied *Microbiology

*Environmental Chemistry (2 semesters)

*Environmental Toxicology

*Occupational Medicine

*Physics and Thermodynamics

*Fluid Mechanics

*Behavior of Materials

*Industrial Processes

*Clean Production

*Waste Treatment

*Engineering Drawing

*Ergonomics

*Occupational Safety and Health

-Accidents and Occupational Diseases

-Risks of Mining

-Industrial Risks

-Business Risks and Services

*Industrial Hygiene

-Design of *Monitoring and Analysis Systems.

-Fire Protection and Control

-Emergency Plans

*Risk Information Systems

*Strategy Planning

*Risk Management

*Quality Management Systems

*Productivity and Continuous Improvement

-Statistical Analysis

*Applied Computer Science

*Risk Prevention Audit

*Environmental Legislation

Complementary Training Courses

*Finance Fundamentals

*Environmental Economics

Human Resources Management

Occupational Psychology

Project Preparation and *Evaluation

Specialties

*Safety at work

*Industrial Hygiene

*Ergonomics and Applied Psycho-sociology


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career 


Interests

-Sense of organization and order

-Give importance to the planning of a task.

-For perfectionism, the optimization in the accomplishment of a task, giving importance to that things are done well and efficiently.

-Interest in incorporating new ways to do things such as technological devices which allow solving problems or adapt to new needs.

-Motivation to build, install, assemble or operate.

-Observant in physical and structural works.

-Taste for organizing, budgeting and making arrangements to carry out an activity.

-Tendency to the use of schemes to understand something.

-Taste for the application of mathematics.

-Interest and appreciation for technological advances.

-Motivation for production.

-Taste for relating with people.

-Adaptation both in office work and industrial or field work.


Skills

-Organization and Planning Skill.

-Ability to create practical solutions.

-Ease to understand the functioning of devices or systems.

-Spatial Location.

-Mathematical Skill.

Logical Reasoning: It is captured through the observation of a reality, a drawing, a diagram, the functioning of something, behavior, etc. Ability to analyze proposals or complex situations, predict consequences and be able to solve the problem in a consistent way.

-Ability to organize work groups.

-Ease to relate and communicate with people.

-Availability to work in teams.


Vocation

Serve the community by organizing his work scope for its protection and the improvement of quality of life.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.


Candidate Personality

Practical and functional personality

Leadership and decision making skills

Observant

Meticulous

Methodical

Detail-oriented


Work Scope

Management tasks in office work or industrial or field work, depending on whether it is an administrative, *agribusiness, *metalworking, *farming or *mining system, etc.


Related Careers

-Risk Prevention Technology, Industrial Engineering.


*Glossary of Terms

*Audit: Action to check, examine and evaluate the results of a task with the purpose of informing about it, making the corresponding comments and recommendations to improve the efficiency of its performance.

*Agribusiness: Industries that transform products of agriculture, livestock, forest wealth and fishing into finished products.

*Farming: Related to the agricultural and livestock production.

*Joint committees: Technical units of joint work between the company and workers to detect and evaluate accident risks and occupational diseases that workers may suffer.

*Behavior of Materials: It studies the physical (such as electrical and magnetic properties, thermal expansion and conductivity, etc), mechanical (elasticity, strength, hardness, ductility, fatigue strength, etc) properties of a material to determine its behavior. -Studies of strength, elasticity, plasticity, stress, deformation, hardness. –Mechanical properties, alloys, among others.

*Applied Computer Science: Elements of Programming, use and application of statistical software.

*Engineering Drawing: Identification and technical interpretation of each of the elements and details of a plan, in order to identify risk situations.

*Economics: Study of the most effective methods to meet the material needs of individuals in society by allocating resources that are always limited.

*Environmental Economics: Discipline that applies analysis instruments of conventional *economics to the analysis of economical decisions that influence the environment, considering it as a source of natural resources, recreational services, etc.

*Epidemiology: Rapid spread of an infectious disease within the population.

*Ergonomic: It means it is adapted to the human body, an object that is used comfortably and properly without causing physical problems to the user.

*Ergonomics and Applied Psycho-sociology:

Engineering process that affects the worker due to physical actions, where it is included:

-Design of the workstation.

-Physical workload.

-Awkward Postures.

-Repetitive Movements.

-Mental workload due to work pressure.

Among others

*Statistically:*Statistics: Techniques for the collection, presentation, treatment and analysis of data, in order to summarize and describe the characteristics of the information they provide.

*Project Evaluation: Analysis methods of a project in relation to its costs and *sustainability.

*Finance: It deals with the collection and determination of the cash flow (inflows or outflows of money) required by the company, in addition to the distribution and management of those funds in order to maximize the economical value of the company.

*Physics and Thermodynamics: Part of Physics that studies the movement generated by calorific phenomena.

*Risk Management: Strategies to reduce accident rates and foresee inadequate management of human and material resources within the organization.

*Management: Inquiries and procedures to carry out a work or a project.

*Environmental Hygiene: Its role is to avoid industrial waste polluting the environment.

*Industrial Hygiene: Maintaining the sanitary conditions of the environment to prevent it from affecting people’s health, such as chemical, physical and biological factors that could affect their health.

-Prevent diseases from the creation of healthy environments.

*Investment: Use of a capital (money) in some type of activity or business, in order to increase it.

*Environmental Legislation: Set of legal standards that have to do with the action of individuals and human groups in relation to the environment.

*Fluid Mechanics: Part of Mechanics that studies the movement of fluids (gases and liquids) as well as the forces that produce their movement.

*Occupational Medicine: It studies the functions of the human being organisms and its impacts with work, addressing:

-Occupational Diseases

-Health Surveillance

-Health Promotion in the company

*Epidemiology

*Occupational Epidemiology and epidemiological research

-Health Planning and Information

-First aid

*Metalworking: Industry devoted to the manufacturing of metal products.

*Monitoring: Frequent or continuous observation of a situation in order to determine if it is being met in the way it was planned.

*Microbiology: Science that study microscopic living organisms.

*Strategy Planning: Strategies for continuous improvement of risk prevention and production processes that do not pollute the environment.

*Industrial Processes: Manufacturing processes or set of operations that transform raw materials into finished products.

*Clean Production: Industrial processes that employ appropriate industrial technology and procedures to avoid damaging the environment.

*Productivity and Continuous Improvement: Continuous improvement of the product quality and a greater productivity level.

*Environmental Chemistry: Chemistry applied to the study of problems and the preservation of the environment. It studies the chemical processes of the soil, rivers, lakes, oceans and the atmosphere.

*Organic Chemistry: Branch of chemistry oriented to the analysis of substances of animal and plant origin.

*Occupational Safety and Health: Actions to avoid accident rates at work.

*Quality Management System: Systems that handles the quality of its products in an ordered, planned and controlled manner.

*Risk Information System: Structured information on the classification of risks, their nature, their use, prevention measures in their use, emergency procedures, etc. -Regarding each of them, by plant, department, process, equipment, etc.

*Integrated Systems: Systems that consider the protection of the worker, the quality of his processes, the protection of the Environment and the economic *sustainability of the company.

*Sustainability: *Sustainable: Possible to stay indefinitely in time with its own resources.

*Toxicology: Study of the effects of plant, animal or mineral poison and their treatment.

*Waste Treatment: Process of reduction and confinement of waste or highly hazard waste material.

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