Aeronautical/Aerospace Engineering


Career Objectives

Build and give greater efficiency to the aeronautical field.


Professional Profile

-Professional who works primarily in aircraft engineering.

For that, he has scientific and technological training to design, build and manage the operation of all kinds of aircraft.

He plans and designs airport facilities as well as carrying out the administration of aeronautical activities.

For this, he has knowledge to manage business aviation addressing economic, social and *logistical aspects of the sector.

He has mastery of foreign languages ​​due to the strong link of this activity with the phenomenon of globalization.


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

He designs, builds and produces aerospace vehicles, including their propulsion systems.

He designs, develops and manufactures the structures of all types of aerial vehicles such as commercial aircraft, vertical take-off and landing aircraft (VTOL), helicopters and hovercrafts.

He deals with the development, construction and operation of space transport devices such as rockets and satellites, considering space conditions such as the void, weightlessness, big temperature differences, etc., in order to achieve maximum use of space and weight.

He studies, designs and builds all the ground support equipment used by any aircraft.

He designs aircraft engines and their components.

He organizes and manages technically and administratively the means of productions and carries out the management of work groups.

He runs the mounting of aeronautical parts, instruments and accessories.

He performs the adaptation and transformation of air vehicles components such as fuselage, wings, rudder, etc; as well as their engines and equipment.

He studies, designs and runs workshops or laboratories devoted to the study and research of aircraft.

He plans, organizes and manages Air Navigation Systems and Services.

He structures, organizes and coordinates air transport; he plans routes and air transport lines.

He plans, designs and introduces air traffic management systems.

For instance, he plans medium and long-term flights, avoiding saturation of the airspace and airports, thus reducing delays.

For that, he assigns time windows to the flights, known as slots, which must be followed so that the air traffic flows in an orderly and fluid way.

He supervises airworthiness techniques and control procedures, that are carried by observing the sky, the land and the data provided by the flight instruments.

He designs airport facilities.

He plans and designs airports and air bases such as their location, runways, taxiways, auxiliary buildings, aprons, passenger terminals, cargo terminals, illumination, signaling, etc.

He performs Technical Assistance works in the expansion of airports.

He creates and establishes methods and procedures for the preparation, conservation and maintenances of aircraft with their units, elements and systems that compose and equip them.

He manages the component maintenances of air vehicles such as fuselage, wings, rudder, etc, and periodic reviews of the aeronautical material such as engines and equipment.

He conducts arbitration and *expertise in accident investigation or forensic engineering as well as *valuations related to his area.

He intervenes in the study and counsel related to Legal, Economic and Financial Engineering within the field of aeronautics.


Occupational Field

-Aeronautic Industries for the construction of aircraft and engines for aircraft.

-Air transport companies

-Airports

-Directorate General of Civil Aviation

-Companies, in their Project Design, Engineering and Production departments.

-Automotive and Steel Industries

-Electrical Engineering Industry

-Steel and light metals Industry

-Companies of mechanical applications

-Parachute factories and aerostats.

- Aeronautical repair and maintenance workshops.

- Areas of repair and maintenance of military aircraft.

- National or foreign institutes of the space area, in research and aerospace development works.

-Universities

-Consultancy Companies


Estimated time of College years

5 years

Main courses considered in the Curriculum

Basic Training Courses

*Mathematics (5 semesters)

*Physics (3 semesters)

Basic Chemistry

Statistics

Professional Training Courses

*General Aeronautics

*Representation Systems

*Materials (2 Semesters)

*Mechanics (3 semesters)

*Electrical Engineering and Aircraft Systems

*Aircraft Measurement and Instruments

*Thermodynamics

*Fluid Mechanics

*Aircraft Structures (5 semesters)

*Aircraft Aerodynamics (2 semesters)

*Propulsion

*Aircraft Engines

*Flight Mechanics (2 semesters)

*Aircraft’s Equipment and Systems

*Informatics

* Aircraft Manufacturing Process

*Economics and Industrial Organization

Aviation Law

*Aircraft Maintenance

*Airports and Flight Operations

Complementary Training Courses

English (3 semesters)

Specialties

-Airports and Air Navigation

-Aerospace Technology

-Air Transport Administration and Planning, Aircraft Design and Construction

-Aero-engines

-Aerospace Equipment and Materials

-Rocket and Satellite Engineering


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career


Interests

-Curiosity for Technology

-Appreciation for Sciences which support technological developments.

-Concern for the operation and components of machines or objects that have some mechanism.

-Curiosity and interest in understanding physical principles applied to phenomena such as bodies in motion, gravity, etc.

-Motivation for Technological Innovation.

-Interest in application and experimentation.

-Taste for geometric drawing.

-Interest in understanding the management and operation of mechanisms and machines.

-Motivation to develop projects, designs and physical models.


Skills

-Ability to discover the operation of mechanisms and machines.

-Ability to perceive and understand physical phenomena expressed in functional mechanisms.

-Visual perception of objects three-dimensional form.

*Analytical Capacity

*Logical Reasoning

-Aptitude for reasoning and mathematical calculation

-Ability to perceive and estimate physical dimensions.

-Manual skill

-Experimental skill


Vocation

-Satisfaction for creation in the field of application, building and transforming.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.


Candidate Personality

-Availability for teamwork

-Capacity for organization and management of teamwork

-Organized


Work Scope

Industrial

Personnel Management


Related Careers

Mechanical Engineering

Aircraft Maintenance Technology

Airport Management

Metallurgical Engineering

Metallurgical Technology

Industrial Maintenance Technology

Industrial Automation Technology


*Glossary of Terms

*Aircraft Aerodynamics: Study of motion of air and their physical effects on bodies that move through it.

-Aerodynamic aircraft configurations, study of the airfoil and high-lift devices, aerodynamics of the fuselage, propeller design, etc.

The airplane from the aerodynamic point of view:

-Parts and functions

-Subject that uses Geometry and Physics.

*General Aeronautics: Understanding of the environment, physical phenomena and the realizations that make possible the flight of vehicles heavier than air.

Knowledge of the equipment and instruments of a basic aerodynamics laboratory and have the necessary skills to use it.

*Airports and Flight Operations:

-Types of Airports and Heliports

-General planning of an airport

-Types of operations

-National and international standards to meet

-Structure and organization of the airspace

- Determination of departure routes, arrival and approach routes

-Selection of the place: terrain and weather conditions.

-Personnel and Passenger Services

-Safety factors in takeoff, approach and landing speeds and visual aids and radio navigation for approach and landing.

-Facilities and equipment: buildings, passenger terminal areas, cargo, hangars, workshops, control towers, fuel supply facilities, maintenance facilities.

-Operational documentation and aeronautical information: aeronautical charts and plans, flight manual, operation manual of the aircraft, etc.

-Studies of demands of airport services.

-Environmental impact considerations:

Integration with the environment and landscape, noise and air pollution, maximum noise allowed, etc.

*Analytical Capacity: Method that focuses the whole and separates it into its basic elements to then see the relationship between these elements.

*Economics and Industrial Organization:

-Analysis of the company as a System.

-Operations Management: Stages to develop, work patterns, work setting.

-Demand Analysis

-Production Plan: Methods and productive times.

-Strategic Planning

-Costs

-Quality Management

-Industrial Safety

*Electrical Engineering and Aircraft Systems:

-Circuits and electrical and electronic components.

-Digital Systems or Digital Electronics

-Location of the electrical elements in an airplane.

-Distribution, control and protection systems.

- Sources of electric power and electric charges in an airplane.

-Power supply to the airplane in the airport.

*Aircraft Structures:

-Types of Structures

-Structure Calculation

-Structures subjected to stress, deformation and torsion.

-Aircraft Structures

-Behavior of the aeronautical structures under conditions of service and borderline situations.

*Physics: Classical Mechanics, Thermodynamics, Electricity, Electromagnetism, Use of laboratory instruments, mathematical modeling of physical phenomena.

*Informatics: Tools and computer applications and calculation programs.

-Numerical algorithms for the simulation and optimization of operations and processes in the aeronautical industry.

*Logistical: Logistics: Process of planning, implementing and controlling the efficient flow and storage of goods and related information.

*Aircraft Maintenance:

-Organizations and regulations of aeronautical maintenance.

-Organization and responsibilities in the maintenance of the airline.

*Mathematics: Mathematics until reaching a level capable of transferring a reality to a mathematical structure, validate it and raise criticisms of the generated model and its results.

*Materials: Characteristics and physical and mechanical properties of metals and alloys.

-Materials used in the construction of aeronautical and aerospace structures.

-Behavior and mechanical testing in materials. Traction, hardness, impact, fatigue, fracture toughness, deformations, corrosion, radiation, etc.

-Production Processes.

- Transformations and Treatment of materials

*Mechanics: Mechanics applied to the calculation of aeronautical structures considering factors such as fatigue, structural instability, aeroelasticity, etc.

*Fluid Mechanics: Basic principles that govern the motion of fluid motion (gases and liquids). –Laws that govern the behavior of solid bodies immersed in the air.

- Predict the characteristics of the movement of a fluid, for a given set of physical conditions, by means of analytical methods.

-Turbulence phenomenon.

*Flight Mechanics: Understanding of the movements made by airplanes and the response of them to disturbances, in order to ensure their effective and safe operation.

-Their range and autonomy, takeoff and landing, dynamic stability both longitudinal and lateral.

- Automatic flight control systems.

-Use of flight simulation software, to design and analyze virtual operations.

*Aircraft Measurement and Instruments:

-Pressure, temperature, level, flow velocity, volumetric flow rate measurement among others.

-Flight instruments based on air data.

- Gyroscopic instruments (Altitude, Direction and Turn Indicators of the aircraft).

-Motor parameters Instruments

-Heading Indicators

-Fuel Systems

-Integrated Systems

-Control Panels

*Aircraft Engines: Components and architecture of Alternative Engines (such as combustion engines commonly known as Reciprocating engines (gasoline) and Diesel engines).

-Performance characteristics of Aircraft Engines.

-Combustion of Hydrocarbons

-Kinematics and Dynamics of the engine

*Expertise: Expert: Specialist in some subject matter or science, whose activity is vital in conflict resolution.

*Aircraft Manufacturing Process:

-Economic criteria in the selection of manufacturing processes.

-Relation between design and scheduled maintenance

-Advanced manufacturing process

-Casting process, heat treatments

- Operations of turning, milling, threading, pressing, etc.

-Cutting tools, clamping elements, etc.

-Types of Welding

- Tensions and deformations during welding

-Welding in different materials

-Quality management and standards, etc.

*Propulsion: Study of propulsion engines that discharge a fluid stream at high speed to generate a thrust or propulsion, used to changes the speed of spacecraft and artificial satellites.

*Logical Reasoning: It is the one that is captured through the observation of reality, or a drawing, the operation of something, behavior, etc. Ability to analyze proposals or complex situations, foresee consequences and be able to solve the problem in a consistent way.

*Representation Systems: Drawing as an instrument of representation and its relations with the forms of the elements of aeronautical and aerospace structures and devices, as well as the foundations and methodologies of design.

Management of computer tools to help design.

*Aircraft’s Equipment and Systems:

-Electrical Systems (Direct Current Generators, Batteries, Alternating Current Generators, Electrical Power Distribution, Control and Protection of Circuits, Engines, Illumination)

-Hydraulic Systems (machines that work with liquids, for instance, water, seizing the mechanical energy and the potential available in the fluid).

-Pneumatic Systems (that use an element called compressor which works with compressed air as a source of energy to generate movement).

-Air Conditioning Systems (Types of Air Conditioning Systems, Cooling Systems, Temperature Control Systems, Distribution of the Air Conditioning System)

-Pressurization Systems (Air supply cockpit sealing, pressure regulation)

-Oxygen Systems (regulation and dosage of Oxygen, Emergency Oxygen Systems, Safety Measurements in the use and manipulation of oxygen.

-Safety and Protection Systems (Fire Control Systems, Systems against the formation of ice, Systems against obstruction of visibility through windshields and windows, Personal protection systems against accelerations)

-Emergency Systems (Emergency electromechanical systems, Escape Systems and Personal Protection, Equipment and survival and search assistance)

-Fuel Systems (Fuel tanks, Fuel Pumps and valves, feed circuits, transfer and vent, safety measures in tasks on fuel systems.

-Among others.

*Valuation: Value: To know the real market value on sale or rental of any kind of real estate (assets impossible to transfer).

*Thermodynamics: It studies the relations between dynamic phenomena (motion) and calorific phenomena (heat).

GO BACK