Textile Engineering


Career Objectives

Achieve industrial processes of textile production that provide texture, color, dressmaking and all the aesthetic aspects required by the design of a textile garment or the physical characteristics required of a textile product.


Professional Profile

-Professional who knows and masters productive processes of the Textile, garment and footwear industry. He is trained to design, supervise and run the whole process that involves the manufacture of *textile fibers, fabric construction and garment manufacturing.

He has knowledge of economics and efficiency according to market requirements.


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

He designs and *implements textile plants (except for civil works). In that:

He performs engineering design, studying how to convert a paper design into a manufactured product.

He determines the facilities that will be necessary and their distribution within the industry.

He specifies the dimensions and characteristics of the textile machinery to be used, applying or adapting current technology.

He monitors the installation of machinery by interpreting plans and diagrams of electric and electronic systems.

He investigates, plans and designs the textile production, determining production models, performs calculation of manufacturing time, cost calculation, etc.

He *implements, *organizes and controls production systems addressing all the production stages from the origin of *fibers, *Spinning, *Textiles, *Dyeing, *Finishing and *Garment Manufacturing; working with raw materials such as cotton, wool, fur and manufactured fibers such as polyester, viscose rayon, nylon, acrylic, etc, or mixes, according to the market to which the products are aimed at, such as:

Garments

Household items (curtains, bedclothes, quilts, towels, etc).

Technical Textiles (Textiles for filtration, belts for safety belts, etc)

Non-woven fabric (diapers, interlining, etc).

Medical Products (surgical cotton, gauzes, polyester valves, etc)

Protective garments (Bulletproof vests, clothes for runners, etc), or *Geotextiles (for the construction of bridges and roads).

He *manages the quality control of each of its production stages.

He supervises the rational use of the installations, equipment and *supplies in all the aspects, in order to increase the company’s productivity.

He *organizes and supervises the maintenance of the machinery used.

He creates proposals and possible solutions to technical problems that are presented day-to-day.

He manages and applies *standards oriented to the prevention of occupational risks and environmental control.

He directs and trains the staff/personnel.

He makes decisions in communication with work teams and designs new ways of working.

He develops scientific and technological research lines that are related to the industrial reality of the sector. For that:

He determines the characteristics of new textile materials by studying how fibers and textiles interact with nature, with terms of use, their storage, safety and health.

He investigates and develops new materials analyzing their textile chemistry in order to obtain longer duration over time, maintain their color; see how different materials can be combined to create a textile that has certain specific properties for a particular purpose, for instance, packing materials that keep food fresh for longer, or fireproof upholstery for vehicles, or a lighter fabric for use in space travel, etc.

He creates the manufacturing process of a new product.

Among others

He directs textile plans addressing the economic, political and social environment of the country that affects the development and operation of the company. In that:

He performs market and competitiveness analysis.

He identifies the requirements and promotion of the product in the market to meet the needs of customers.

He selects the products to be manufactured.

He performs productivity and efficiency analysis.

He investigates new markets, which needs and applications are focused in textile innovation.

He administers and manages different departments of the company, dealing with their proper operation.

He carries out both the technical and financial *feasibility study of a textile project.


Occupational Field

Textile Industry (in administrative and production areas)

Large and small scale clothing factories

Clothes-making facilities

Paper Industry

Footwear Industry

Agroindustrial industries supplying natural fibers from agriculture and livestock

Chemical and Petrochemical Industries supplying artificial fibers, colorants, fabric softeners and other additives

Metalworking and Electronic Industries supplying textile machinery

Automotive factories in sectors responsible for vehicle upholstery

Consultant in the optimization of processes of the area and related areas

Higher Education Institutions (teaching)

*Haute Couture Workshops


Estimated time of College years

5 years

Main courses considered in the study plan

Basic Training Courses

Mathematics (4 semesters)

*Physics and Laboratory (4 semesters)

*Chemistry and Laboratory (3 semesters)

*General Accounting

*Business Administration

Professional Training Courses

*Business Management

Personnel Management

*Cost Accounting

*Textile Materials

*Textile Chemistry

*Textile Production Processes

Textile Machinery (2 semesters)

*Textile Regulations and Quality

*Textile Fibers

*Yarn manufacturing (2 semesters)

*Textile structuring (4 semesters)

*Dyeing (2 semesters)

*Textile finishing (2 semesters)

*Technical Textiles and *Nonwoven Fabric

Textile Laboratory

*Yarn and *Fiber Quality Control

Fabric and *Finishes Quality Control

*Manufacturing Process

Apparel Quality Control

Textile and Apparel Software

* Supply and Distribution Logistics

*Industrial Safety and Environmental Control

*Method Engineering (2 semesters)

*Product Development (2 semesters)

*Textile Project Management

Complementary Training Courses

*International Trade

*Labor Law

Specialties

Spinning

Knitting

Dyeing and Finishing

Dressmaking / Tailoring


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate for this career


Interests

-Curiosity for technology and its application.

-Focus on work with machinery and tools.

-Interest in the application of physics and chemistry.

-Motivation for production.

-Inclination for solving the technical and practical aspects of situations.

- Sense of perfection and care in manual work.

-Satisfaction because things are done efficiently.

-Motivation for *organization and *management.

-Motivation for conceiving projects.

-Interest in planning and organizing activities or tasks.

-Commercial Motivation

-Interest in taking part in work groups.

-Attention and taste for aesthetics.


Skills

*Logical thinking structure

*Deductive reasoning structure

*Analysis and *Synthesis Skill

Ability for mathematical calculations

Good understanding of Physics and Chemistry

Spatial location and perception of proportions and dimensions

Visual memory

Natural inclination to represent through graphic languages, such as writings, schemes, drawings and symbols

Aesthetic sense

Good perception of shapes and colors


Vocation

Strong inclination to produce goods that provide comfort to people and services to society

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.


Candidate Personality

Organized

Methodical

Detail-oriented

Proper management of human relations

Ease to relate to all kinds of people, with different socioeconomic status and educational level.

Entrepreneurial (in terms of organizing and/or wanting to produce, processing, etc)


Work Scope

Industrial

Business Laboratories

Office


Related Careers

Chemical Engineering, Industrial Engineering

Glossary of Terms

*Textile Finishing: Processes to which fibers, yarns and fabrics are subjected to provide textures and certain aspects such as the treatment of washing and finishing of garments such as jeans or fabric bleaching treatment (degraded, mottled, etc.)

*Textile Finishes (Course): General finishing processes. –Chemical processes. –Mechanical processes. –Wet processes. –Thermal processes. –Products used. -Operating conditions appropriate to the composition of the fiber. –Textile printing. –Analysis of prints, technical differences and types, among others.

*Business Administration (Course): Administration functions. *planning, *organization, direction and control processes of the work. *Information resources of companies.

*Haute Couture: Clothing sector dedicated to luxury items.

*Analysis: Methods that starts by focusing on the whole to end separating it in its basic parts to then see the relation between those parts. Example: Study done of a reality or situation, distinguishing the facts, describing them and seeing the relation between them. Example: Examination of a work, writing or a speech. Example: Distinction of the substances present in a biological sample in order to discover and isolate their elements.

*Commercialization: Purchase or sale in the market.

*International Trade: Trade of goods, products and services with people or companies from other countries.

*Apparel: Manufacturing of clothes or other textile products from fabric, yarn and accessories.

*Cost Accounting: Record of the costs of organizations, identifying the types of costs existing within a company whether coming from the production, or by remuneration, or operating costs, etc, applying different systems for their calculation and making it useful for decision making.

*General Accounting: Conformation of a chronological record of the operations or transactions of the company, evaluated in quantities with monetary units.

*Schedule: Program of activities ordered in time, with the duration of each activity.

*Product Development (Course): Steps in the creation of the manufacturing process of a new product as well as its market entry, such as: market search, search for raw materials suppliers; cost calculation, machinery available, machinery *layout, *layout of the process to develop the product, product optimization.

*Layout of a process: Drawing of the stages of a process and the sequence in which they must be executed.

*Business Management: *Commercialization; *Marketing; *Strategic Planning, *Business Plan, among others.

*Textile Structuring (Course): General classification of textiles. –Preparation operations of yarns in the manufacturing of textiles. –Basic principles of the theory of flat woven and knitted fabric.

-Manufacturing of textile in a loom (*weaving). –Different types of looms, among others.

*Feasibility: *Feasible: That it is possible to carry out (either in its technical or financial aspect).

*Textile Fibers: Filament composite materials that are used to form yarns or fabrics, either by weaving or by other physical or chemical processes.

*Textile Fibers (Course): Main textile fibers, their classification, origin (natural, synthetic and semi synthetic origin) and their general properties (physical, chemical and mechanical properties) for the manufacturing of yarn and/or non-woven fabrics, determining their most appropriate application, among others.

*Physics and Laboratory (Course): *Thermodynamics, *Solid Mechanics, Electricity and Magnetism, *Fluid Mechanics, among others.

*Physical Chemistry (Course): It is the branch of chemistry that studies molecular interaction in matter due to physical effects, such as changes in temperature, pressure, volume and heat; as well as the study of their optical, electrical, magnetic and mechanical properties at atomic and molecular level.

*Geotextile: Material used in engineering projects as an integral part of soils and foundations; manufactured and made of non-biodegradable synthetic fibers, linked together by means of mechanical and thermal processes. It is characterized by its permeable structure and its great resistance to stress, tearing and chemical deterioration.

*Management: Conducting inquiries and procedures to carry out a task or project.

*Project Management: Task to obtain the needed tools to meet the goals of a project, defining: project scope. *Schedules, project costs, project quality. –Risks of the project. –Human resources within the project. –Necessary takeovers.

*Implement: It is to execute a plan, to make it a reality.

*Method Engineering (Course): Analysis of operations for the simplification of the work: Analysis tools to understand the laws and elements that intervene in a productive process, how to improve productivity, how to reduce manufacturing time and have an increased availability of products and at a lower cost.

*Supplies: Elements that are consumed in a production processes, are spent and are not recovered, such as fuel, raw material, among others.

*Labor Law: Branch of Law which regulates the relations between the employer and employees, activity of unions and the action of the State in Social Security matters.

*Supply and Distribution Logistics: Study of the efficient distribution of products of a company at lower cost and good customer service. It involves the *management and *planning of activities of purchasing, production, transport, storage, maintenance and distribution departments.

*Layout: It is the scheme of the physical distribution of machinery and other elements of the industry, in a logical and orderly way for its optimum operation.

*Yarn Manufacturing (Course): From the fiber to the yarn. –Spinning processes. Manufacturing of yarns based on continuous filaments and yarns based on short and / or staple fibers and their application in fabrics. –Conditions a yarn must fulfill. –Additional operations for spinning. –Production processes in cotton and wool, among others.

*Marketing: Branch of business management that studies all the functions a company must perform to investigate the needs of the consumer and translate this information into the creation, production and introduction of new products to the market.

*Textile Materials (Course): Description, classification and analysis of varied natural substances, raw materials, chemical materials and products that intervene in the composition of yarns, fibers and textiles. -Their structure, their physical-chemical properties, characteristics and classification of yarns and fabrics.

*Fluid Mechanics: Related to Statics (no motion) and Dynamics (in motion) of fluids.

*Solid Mechanics: Physical properties of solid materials such as their elasticity and plasticity to know the behavior of solid bodies before different situations of application of loads or thermal effects.

*Nonwoven Fabric: Production of fabrics directly from fibers without going through spinning and weaving processes.

*Regulations: *Standards: Rules that must be followed or to which the tasks, activities and behaviors of the human being must be adjusted.

*Textile Regulations and Quality (Course): Norms to fulfill in the production processes of textile materials and their application in the quality control of products. –Statistic control of the process. –Physical and chemical tests of fibers, yarns and textiles.

*Organization: Sequence of how something is going to be done and in what periods of time.

*Deductive Reasoning: To deduce means to start from a general principle to conclude in a particular one (logical method of deduction), or determining the consequences of a principle. Example: A physical law is presented (general principle), and it is asked to give an example where this law can be applied (particular case). In this case a deduction is made; from a general fact, a particular case of it is deduced. Example: Continue the subject of a conversation without changing the topic. You know the idea you’re talking about (general principle) and in the conversation you bring out the facts and opinions that are related (particular principles) to that central idea.

*Logical Thinking: Ability to understand the relations between facts and find the causes that produced them, to foresee consequences and then be able to solve the problem in a consistent way, just like you do in strategy games. It is the non-verbal reasoning that is captured through the observation of reality. In this type of reasoning, there is the tendency to the use of patterns (sequences), classifications, drawings or diagrams in the study of the functioning, behavior and understanding of something; unlike the spoken or written language, etc.

*Business Plan: Plan that describes a business opportunity, how it will be exploited. It includes the study of economic-financial and commercial *viability; objectives; implementation strategies, action plans and control and evaluation measures.

*Planning: *Plan: Determine what is going to be done.

*Strategic Planning (Course): Analysis or interpretation of different contexts for decision making at managerial level. –Long-term guidelines.

*Manufacturing Processes: Manufacturing stages for garments: Design of the structural model of the garment. -List of fabrics. –Design. –Cut. –Union of pieces. –Dressmaking techniques. –Adjustment (to transfer the patterns to different sizes). –Types of yarns and fabrics used to obtain the designed product, among others.

*Textile Production Processes (Course): Classification and description of the basic operations and stages of industrial and manufacturing processes of the textile and apparel sector. –Equipment and installations in the textile industry. –Technology of manual and automatic processes used. *Layout of the general production process. –Organization of times to be used in each production stage. –Latest technology in the transformation, manufacturing and finishing of products.

*Chemistry and Laboratory (Course): *Organic Chemistry, *Inorganic Chemistry, *Physical chemistry.

*Organic Chemistry: Study of the molecules that contain carbon and that are found in living being.

*Inorganic Chemistry: Study of the formation, composition, structure and reactions of chemical elements and their compounds found in non-living matter.

*Textile Chemistry (Course): Colorants to be used. –Chemicals or chemical mixtures to control the inflammability of the fabric and delay its combustion. –Chemical compounds applied to fiber or wool to give increased resistance, increased durability, make them softer or prevent them from discoloring with use. –Synthetic compounds obtained from chemical reactions to give impermeability to the fabric, among others.

*Resources: They are all those necessary elements that are counted for an organization to meet its objectives, such as: installations and equipment, materials and *supplies, energy, information and data, *human resources, money or capital.

*Human Resources: Team of employees or collaborators of an organization.

*Industrial Safety and Environmental Control (Course): Methodologies and environmental control systems specially designed for the treatment of textile contaminants.

*Synthesis: Mental operation that consist in reducing an accumulation of diverse data in one that represents them as a whole. –Summary.

Example: A book summary or the summary of what was discussed in a meeting. Example: When looking for a title for an article.

*Weaving: It is the process of converting threads into fabrics.

*Technical Textiles: Fabrics that have infinity of applications in fields as diverse as filtration, acoustic absorption, biomedicine and tissue bioengineering, electronics and comfort.

*Thermodynamics: Part of physics that studies the movement generated by calorific phenomena.

*Dyeing: Dyeing processes to which fibers, yarns and fabrics are subjected through physical and chemical processes.

*Dyeing (Course): Structure, classification, composition, physical-chemical properties and behavior of colorants. –Classification of dyes and colorants regarding different types of fibers, yarns and fabrics. –Selection of colorants. –Obtaining of color gamut. -Evaluation of color alterations. –Regulations and normalization. –Dyeing techniques, among others.

*Viability:*Viable: That it has possibilities to be carried out.

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