Information Technology


Career Objectives

To meet the needs of updated and timely information required by the administration of companies, making their tasks more efficient, which leads them to be more competitive and to reach the levels that a globalized world demands.


Professional Profile

Information Technology rises up in response to the need to harness computer resources in the *administration of companies, in order to achieve a better *management and organizational performance.

Professional trained in the field of Computer Science and Informatics Engineering, with a technological-mathematical and * management training.

Thanks to his training in science related to Informatics Engineering, he is qualified for the optimal management of institutional information of administrative, *financial and *accounting type.

His task is to organize the information of an institution or company, in order to obtain a better quality out of it, that is, precise (neither deficient nor excessive that it reaches to overwhelm) and timely (when it is needed) information, in a way that helps to make good decisions, giving support to problems the company must address, to its strategic planning in the market and to its operative part.

For that, this professional has knowledge of both administration (organizational behavior) and Economics (cost-benefit ratio).

With full knowledge of the *organizational structure, *standards, *procedures and the processes carried out in it, called Information Systems (such as accounting processes, costs, inventories, etc).

For his training in computer science, he has a good command of the tools and resources in this area, which allow him to handle the information optimally.

For that, he proposes the incorporation of new technology in the different levels of the company’s organizational structure and deals with the permanent challenges that arise from the continuous advances in technology.

Hence, this professional has knowledge of:

Hardware (how the computer is physically structured, which units make it up, how is its organization and internal functioning)

Software (what are the programs and how are they oriented to organize the internal functioning of the computer)

Data Structures (how data is structured or organized internally).

Computer Languages (languages ​​with which the computer works)

Computer Programming (Creation of computer programs)

Information Technology Management (Internet, databases, multimedia)

Besides, he is prepared to optimize the different industrial processes.

Since he obtains a bachelor's degree, he can directly enter graduate programs such as a master's degree.


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

He develops and designs *IT solutions in organizations, optimizing the administrative system of an institution or company. He raises these optimizations or solutions making use of information technology.

He participates along with management teams in the development of *strategies, plans and *policies for the company.

He identifies information needs within it based on the analysis of its structure (its organizational chart), company regulations (established rules within the company), procedures, its organizational behavior, that is, the processes carried out in it, called Information Systems (such as accounting processes, costs, inventories, etc) and how the information flows within the company (information conveyed between its different departments or services), paying attention to the collection, processing and distribution of the information within the company.

He designs and develops models which simulate the behavior of an information system within a company. These are mathematical models representative of the organization of the information that will be used in the company or in scientific or technological research.

He carries out *feasibility studies, Operational, technical and economic feasibility for IT projects, that is, when proposing an optimization or a new computer system, he must demonstrate that the system he suggests is viable (that the company has possibilities to carry it out), feasible (that there is technology that makes it possible to do it) evolutionary (that it will be possible to make changes in it that are necessary in the future) and a good cost-benefit ratio, that is, that the profit obtained by the company will be greater than the cost of acquiring it, in order to justify the investments that will be performed.

He develops and introduces specific information systems in a specific activity or of global application in the organization.

He carries out the selection of device, development of *Information Systems and the acquisition of programming software.

He directs teams to develop computer systems or specialized software products.

He defines and adjusts efficiently structures and *databases of the systems in order to respond to the expected operational and information requirements.

He manages the processes related to the collection, processing and distribution of the information within the company.

He administers the operation and maintenance of the information systems, as well as all the elements that are part of them.

He handles and adapts the new technologies existing in the market to the management of information.

He knows and implements the legal provisions related to IT function in the organization.

He establishes and introduces quality standards in information systems.

He performs *Audit activities and Computing *Consulting.

He establishes communication with professionals from other fields within or outside the organization to identify opportunity areas for data processing.

He understands the functioning and scope of *software resources used in the development and use of information systems.

He integrates knowledge to specialize in the development of state-of-the-art software in different application areas, such as graphics, multimedia, communications and design.


Occupational Field

Banks

Finance Companies

Pension Funds Administrators

Health Institutions

Industrial Companies

Commercial Services Companies

Consulting Companies

Public and Private Agencies

Agricultural Companies

In general, the graduate of Information Technology can be incorporated into all types of small, medium or large organizations, whether public or private, agricultural, industrial or services that have computer centers to safeguard their data.

Universities

Higher Education Centers

Research Centers

Information and Documentation Centers

Free exercise of the profession by providing advice

Creating his consulting firm which provides computer services to other organizations


Estimated time of College years

5 years


Main courses considered in the syllabus 

Basic Training Courses

*Physical Foundations (IT), *Methodology and Programming Techniques, Mathematics (4 levels), *Digital Data, *Formal Logic, *Data and Information Structure, *Statistics, Technical English.

Professional Training Courses

*Operating Systems, *Database, *Automata Theory and Formal Languages, *Compilers and Interpreters,

*Operations Research, *Data Communication and Networks, *Software Engineering, *Computer Architecture, *Artificial Intelligence, *Management, *Economics, *Accounting Systems, *Finance.

Specialties

Artificial Intelligence

Computer Graphics

Educational Computing

Business Computing

Computer Security

Enterprise Computing

Business Informatics

Health Informatics

Information Systems

Computer Network


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career 


Interests

-Natural tendency to order

-Creativity and initiative in the search for solutions to specific problems

-Favorable attitude to acquire new knowledge and make innovations

-Taste for *management

-Taste and appreciation for technology and sciences that support it, based on mathematics fundamentally

-With a strong taste for planning and information management (documents, forms and in all kinds of formats).


Skills

Analytical Capacity: Method that focuses the whole and separates it into its basic elements to then see the relationship between these elements.

Great mathematical skill

Inductive Reasoning Ability: way of reasoning that goes from the particular to the general, from the parts to the whole, from the effects to the causes, etc.

Systematization Ability: In this process you have to classify, organize, arrange, select, list, prioritize, categorize, etc.

Logical Reasoning: It is captured through the observation of a reality, a drawing, a diagram, the functioning of something, behavior, etc.

Ability to analyze proposals or complex situations, predict consequences and be able to solve the problem in a consistent way.

Innovative: He tends to innovation in search of integrating new things, to use ingenuity either in new devices as well as in procedures or ways of doing things, which allow him to solve problems producing new systems or adapting the existing reality to new requirements.


Vocation

-He appreciates effectiveness and concrete achievements.

-Motivated by the operation, perfectionism, optimization, innovation, fulfillment… for doing things well.

-Especially to put into operation through the planning, coordination, organization of a process or work.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.

His service is expressed through building to improve the living conditions of the human being.


Candidate Personality

-Practical

-Observation capacity, detail-oriented, methodical, organized and patient.

-Planner, he makes plans and follows them carefully

-Teamwork ability

-Urban


Work Scope

-Office environment, with a high management level.

-Social contact

-Teamwork

-Urban


Related Careers

System Administration

Systems Engineering

Software Engineering


*Glossary of Terms

*Administration: Adjust or dose the use of something, to get more performance from it or to produce better effect. Governing, regulating, directing, conducting, controlling, adjusting, managing, running a company.

The subject studies the organizational behavior and the cost-benefit ratios.

*Computer Architecture: It deals with the internal design of the components of a computer and the communication between them in a language called assembler, which is the machine's own language.

*Consulting: Advice: counsel, inform.

*Audit: Examination of financial, administrative and other type of operations of the company through the close scrutiny of its books, bills and records along with their corresponding receipts. This task is carried out by experts outside the company, in order to evaluate its situation.

*Database: It is a set of programs that manage a stock of data that is organized in a way that is easy to access, store and update them. (These programs acts as a librarian who manages a stock of books)

The subject studies the creation of a data base was well as the functions that operate in it.

*Compilers and Interpreters: These are the programs that translate the user’s commands (given through a computer program or an order by a command-line interface) in the form of letters and numbers into a computer language formed by sequences of electrical impulses.

The subject studies the theory of design and construction of these language analyzer programs; this includes the study of lexical analysis techniques (words of a language) parsing (study of the order of words in a sentences and the connection between sentences) and semantic analysis (meaning of words).

*Accounting: Order adopted to keep accounts properly.

*Cost Accounting: Records of the costs of organizations, identifying the types of costs existing within a company either from the production, or by remuneration, or operating expenses, etc., applying different systems for its calculation and making it useful for decision making.

*Financial Accounting: It deals with economic assessment (profit, costs, and investments) and *finance of the companies, using the information provided by the *accounting system.

*Demand: It is related to the interest or indifference of the consumer regarding a product.

*Economics: Study of *Macroeconomics and *Microeconomics.

*Statistics: Mathematics of the grouped data and methods used to describe and analyze numerical information.

*Strategy: Art of planning and leading.

Set of actions that ensures an optimal decision every time.

*Data Structure: Structuring in a better way all the software data.

*Organizational Structure: Graphic diagram of the organizational units that make up the company and the relationship between them.

*Feasibility: That something is possible to do.

*Finance: Finance deals with the collection and determination of the cash flow (inflows or outflows of money) required by the company, in addition to the distribution and management of those funds in order to maximize the economical value of the company.

*Physical Foundations of Computing and Electronics: It considers the fundamental principles of Physics, related to electromagnetic fields, electrical circuits and solid-state physics.

*Management: Manage: Make the inquiries and procedures to carry out a project.

*Information Technology: Science that studies information management.

*Software Engineering: Subject that introduces the student to the methods and techniques applicable in the creation of *software as well as the use of support tools in each stage of its creation.

*Artificial Intelligence: Simulation of the processes of human intelligence through computer systems.

Study of the most used methods and tools in artificial intelligence.

The objective is to obtain the ability to decide which is the most appropriate for the resolution of each particular problem.

*Internet: Network of networks. Worldwide system of interconnected computer networks.

*Operations Research: Subject that deals with the most used methods, models and techniques in scientific resolution of business problems and the study of decision-making systems, or computer systems used to help in the decision.

*Formal Logic: The subject is focused in the study of traditional logical systems (mathematical logic), with the objective that the student knows these systems and recognizes their usefulness and application in computer science.

* Methodology and Programming Techniques: It studies the design and development of programs first in an algorithmic language (sequence of steps to be followed by the program) to later translated it into a programming language.

*Macroeconomics: It has to do with the production and consumption of the wealth of a country and the problems related to the level of employment.

*Microeconomics: It has to do with the interaction between *supply and *demand in competitive markets which determine the price of each good, the level of wages, profit margin (benefits) and variations in incomes (what is received as a result of the remuneration of work or capital).

*Standards: Rules that must be followed.

*Supply: It studies the production levels of the products, its costs and the competition of the company in the market, among others.

*Operational: Ways of doing things.

*Policies: Criteria, methods or points of view from which a situation is faced. Way to address an issue in order to achieve a specific purpose.

*Procedures: Method to implement something.

*Computer Program: Set of commands to be executed on a variety of data. These commands are written in a computer language (language the computer understands).

*Data Communication and Networks: Subject that presents the concept of communications network (in information technology, a network is the set of two or more interconnected computers), describing and studying their different types and technologies.

*Income: What is received as a result of the remuneration of work or capital.

*Accounting System: It deals with *Cost Accounting and *Financial Accounting.

*Information Systems: Processing of information within the company, such as accounting processes, costs, inventories, etc.

*Digital Data: It analyzes and design logical circuits which work based on mathematical logic. It teaches how to normalize and systematize problems of real cases of logical design of these circuits.

*Operating Systems: It corresponds to the set of programs devoted to the internal operation of the computer and interpretation of the commands given by the user.

*Software: General term which designates the different types of computer programs.

*Information Technology: It refers to Internet, databases, multimedia, etc.

*Automata Theory and Formal Languages: Introduction to formal languages, features and classification of their grammar and construction of automaton capable to recognize those languages. This subject is essential to understand the operating principles of *compilers and interpreters.

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