Telecommunications Engineering


Career Objectives

Develop and optimize *telecommunications with new technology.


Professional Profile

The Telecommunications Engineer is a professional focused on Information and Communication Technology

He uses the knowledge of physical and mathematical science and engineering techniques both to develop communications and to adapt to their changes.

He has training in the areas of administration and economics that enable him to direct, organize, manage and make use of *telecommunications services and to execute, supervise and evaluate projects related to telecommunications.

This career can be also studied as a specialization in Electronic Engineering.


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

He covers the field of *telecommunication technology of the analogous type (*Analogue Electronics) and digital type (*Digital Electronics).

He tackles *telecommunication technology through optical fiber, cable, free space (radiofrequency) and satellite media. Among them:

-Voice (radio) and image (TV) Broadcast systems.

-Radio navigation systems. –Telephone Networks.

-Mobile Telephony. –Computer Networks, among others.

In voice (radio) and image (TV) Broadcast systems, he carries out the image, audio and video processing.

In free-space communications:

-He makes the design of *radio links.

-Design of antennas and antenna *arrays.

-He designs and plans terrestrial and maritime communication systems.

He designs and installs Teleinformatics Networks for the transmission and reception of data, in that:

-He designs data networks.

-He installs and *manages data networks.

-He develops network *protocols.

-He designs communications *interfaces.

-He installs and maintains data, image and sound networks.

-He programs and develops network applications, using Internet technology.

Among others

-He *designs Telecommunications and *Telematics systems using the formulation of *mathematical models, analysis methods and calculations as tools.

-He develops *simulation tools for communication systems, air navigation systems, industrial control systems, among others.

-He observes physical phenomena that motivate him to develop techniques and lines of research in advances in the field of Telecommunications, creating and boosting the technological and scientific development in this field.

-He contributes his knowledge through national and international scientific publications.

-He *implements *telecommunications and *Telematics systems.

-He carries out the design of equipments and products oriented to *telecommunications.

-He applies selection criteria for communication equipment according to the needs of the company, carrying out *feasibility technical studies regarding the *configuration, sizing and determination of the technical specifications of the telecommunications system.

-He supervises the construction, installation, operation and maintenance of products and equipment used in telecommunications in order to ensure their operating capacity.

-He develops improvements and provides engineering solutions to problems in this area.

-He *innovates and evaluates communications techniques.

-He leads projects related to both administrative and technical areas in Telecommunications and Communication Networks.

-He administers and manages Telecommunications and *Telematics systems and services, integrating and coordinating people and interdisciplinary groups.


Occupational Field

-Radio broadcasters

-Television

-Telecommunications service companies (such as Internet, Telephony, Cable television, etc)

-Banks

- Suppliers and manufacturers of telecommunications equipment

-Companies specialized in integration, installation and maintenance

- Government institutions for regulation and control of the telecommunications sector

- Companies producing components and parts of equipment and installations for telecommunications

-Airports (in its communications and telecommunications area)

- Productive and administrative companies (companies that use videoconferences or that require communication between branches).

-Educational institutions that teach Tele-education

-Hospitals in Telemedicine areas and bioengineering equipment (such as radiotherapy, x-rays, endoscopy, etc)

-Free exercise of the profession in advisory and consultancy.


Estimated time of College years

5 years


Main courses considered in the syllabus

Basic Training Courses

Mathematics (5 semesters)

Statistics

*Physics (2 semesters)

*Chemistry and Structure of Materials

Professional Training Courses

*Electrical Circuits

*Analogue Electronics

*Digital Electronics

*Transmission Media and Antennas (2 semesters)

*Communications Systems (2 semesters)

*Telephony

*Optical Communications

*Programming

*Computer Architecture

*Computer Networks

*Computer Information Services

*Telecommunications Regulations and Policy

Telecommunications planning and *management

Complementary Training Courses

Introduction to Economics

Costs and Project *Evaluation

Specialties

-Telephony, Broadcasting, Telematics


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career Interests

-Motivation for the application of technology.

-Permanent curiosity in technological advances, mainly of the electronic type.

-Appreciation for mathematical science.

-Interest and curiosity about the physical part of electromagnetism.

-Initiative in the search for solutions to specific problems.

-Interest in practical and functional matters and his desire to innovate in them.


Skills

-Mathematical skill

Analytical Capacity: Method that focuses the whole and separates it into its basic elements to then see the relationship between these elements.

Logical Reasoning: It is captured through the observation of a reality, a drawing, a diagram, the functioning of something, behavior, etc. Ability to analyze proposals or complex situations, predict consequences and be able to solve the problem in a consistent way.

Innovative: He tends to innovation in pursuit of incorporating new things, to use inventiveness either in new devices as well as in procedures or ways of doing things, which allow him to solve problems by creating new systems or adapting the existing reality to new requirements.

-Spatial Location


Vocation

-Motivation to meet practical human needs through the construction of something that works, improving the living conditions of the human being.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.


Candidate Personality

-Practical personality

-Patient, methodical and detail-oriented

-Ease to work both autonomously and integrating interdisciplinary groups


Work Scope

-In laboratories with modern technology equipment and state-of-the-art software.

-Interacting with professionals from related disciplines such as electrical, mechanical, industrial, computer engineers, computer science graduates, in addition to administrators and economists.


Related Careers

-Electronic Engineering, Computer Engineering, Telematic Engineering, Computer Technology, Network Technology and Data Communications.


*Glossary of Terms

*Computer Architecture (Course): It is about the internal design of the components of a computer and the communication between them in a language called “assembler”, which is the machine’s own language.

*Antenna Arrays: Antenna systems.

*Database: It is a set of programs that manage a stock of data that is organized in a way that is easy to access, store and update them. (These programs acts as a librarian who manages a stock of books)

*Amplifier Circuits: Circuits that amplify the signal giving it more power.

*Electrical Circuits (Course): Analysis techniques and design of electrical circuits, resolution procedures for electrical networks, knowledge of electronic instrumentation as well as devices and assembly of circuits. –Technical concepts of Electrical Installations both medium and low voltage. –Regulations for those installations.

*Optical Communications (Course): Basic elements that make up optical communications systems: Optical emitters, detectors and optical fibers. –Functioning and characteristics of optical communications systems, calculation and design of an optical fiber link.

*Configure: Establish the necessary keys in a computer so that it becomes part of a computer system or a computer network system.

*Design: Make a detailed plan for the execution of an action or idea.

*Analogue Electronics: Electronics that work with electrical signs which tension (voltage) varies continuously.

*Analogue Electronics (Course): Knowledge of *amplifier circuits.

*Digital Electronics: Circuits that work based on digital circuits, which are circuits that work with 2 states in their voltage (such as a switch) and they simulate highly complex mathematical logic constructions.

*Digital Electronics (Course): -Logical mathematical functions. –Techniques and tools for the analysis and design of *digital systems. –Digital communication methods and techniques.

*Project Evaluation: Concepts and useful methods in decision making associated with the economic aspects of a project. Such as: Analysis of alternatives for project development, Financing, Depreciation (decrease of the value or price of equipment), Taxes, among other factors.

*Feasibility: That is possible to perform.

*Physics (Course): Classical mechanics. -Principles of electromagnetism. –Behavior of light and optics basic knowledge. –Fields and electromagnetic waves.

*Management: Manage: Make the inquiries and procedures to carry out a task or a project.

*Implement: Start a process, organization or program already planned.

*Innovate: Develop or create something original.

*Interface: It is the connection between equipment to which function is to achieve an electrical compatibility between them so that they can work as a system.

*Internet: Global system of interconnected computer networks.

*Programming Language: Artificial language created to communicate commands to a computer and thus be able to run a program.

*Transmission Lines: Special cables needed to transmit high frequency electrical signals.

*Transmission Media and Antennas (Course): Characteristics of the space as transmission medium.

-Propagation analysis of electromagnetic waves in different media, both in free space and through a *transmission line.

-Design and evaluation of antennas applied to telecommunications services, such as: Broadcasting, Mobile Telephony, Satellite Systems, etc.

*Mathematical Model: It is the mathematical representation of relationships between entities, variables or operations, to study the behavior of complex systems in situations that are difficult to observe in reality.

* Telecommunications Regulations and Policy (Course): Telecommunications policy worldwide.

-Standards and certification of systems and equipment.

- Regulatory schemes for network exploitation.

* Programming: Design and development of programs first in an algorithmic language (sequence of steps to be followed by the program) to later translate it into a *programming language.

*Programming (Course): *C programming language. –What are *operating systems and what are they for, benefits that an operating system offers to users, how operating systems manage and control the access to the computer resources.

*Communication Protocol: Communication standard between computers in a network.

*Chemistry and Structure of Materials: Basic chemistry concepts, electrical and magnetic properties of materials for their applications.

*Radio link: Communications systems between the sender and receiver through electromagnetic waves.

*Computer Networks (Course): Study of *interfaces and *communication protocols between computers, *configuration of equipment through software, types of computer network connections. –Security systems in networks and *telematic services, among others.

* Computer Information Services (Course): How to structure and access the data stored in the *Database. *Programming languages for the design of different services offered by the Internet, such as: email, Website design, among others.

* Simulation: Software programs that tries to be a replica of phenomena of reality, to carry out an exploratory work with it.

*Communications Systems (Course): Mathematical fundamentals of communications.

-Main processes that are carried out on electrical signals for their transmission in *analogue (*Analogue Electronics) and *digital (*Digital Electronics) communication systems.

-Analysis and design of communication equipments such as transmitter and receiver and the performance of these systems before noise and interference, among others.

*Digital Systems: Circuits that work with 2 states in their voltage (such as a switch) and they simulate highly complex mathematical logic constructions.

*Operating Systems: It corresponds to the study of software or set of programs devoted to the internal functioning of the computer and interpretation of the commands given by the user.

*Telecommunications: Remote communications via cables or through the air by electromagnetic waves.

*Telephony (Course): Organization and operation of telephone networks. –Digital telephony systems. –Transmission of data, voice and videos in computer networks.

*Telematics: Techniques that connect communications and information technology (information management).

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