Construction Engineering


Career Objectives

-The development and application of optimal construction techniques, economically feasible, socially compatible and with the environment.


Professional Profile

Professional who handles in the area of construction management, directing and advising the construction process of *road works, *hydraulic works, industrial and construction works.

If we take the idea of constructing a building as an example, first, the Architect designs the building; later the Civil Engineer studies the suitable structures for this work; and the Construction Engineer is the one who brings the project to life, constructs the building with the appropriate construction techniques to comply with the project specifications.

In a global way, his work is focused on:

-Construction technical aspects (*construction techniques)

-Occupational safety or Labor Risk Prevention

- All the management or proper processing of construction before public bodies.

-Cost and budget management involved in this construction process.

-Selection and Management of his personnel.


Specific tasks or activities carried out in the profession

-He deals with the construction process of construction works and infrastructure in all their stages: He *plans, *organizes, *programs, directs, *supervises and *inspects the execution of said works.

-He studies and interprets the different plans developed by the civil engineer (Calculation engineer) along with the Architect, to obtain the construction solution that meets those specifications.

-He carries out the arrangements to obtain the construction permit, presenting the work drawings in different perspectives and a technical report containing the calculations and technical specifications of the construction to the authorities.

-He plans and coordinates the different construction tasks such as excavation, installation of foundations, leveling, roofing, installations, finishing, etc; which tasks can be performed independently of others; stipulated duration and start and termination dates, etc.

-He studies and manages costs and budgets involved.

-He determines the construction equipment and machinery to be used; equipment operation and costs; excavation techniques; *foundation types; constructions techniques for *masonry, *concrete, steel, wood, among others.

-He is responsible for the qualification of the workforce.

-He supervises in the field both the main facilities or annexes of the works, such as drinking water facilities, sewerage, gas, electricity, heating, among others.

-He ensures the specifications are being followed and the construction materials are being supplied in the specified quantity and quality.

-He determines the details omitted in the original construction plans.

-He controls through specific methods if the project is up to date to compare what was planned with what has been done until then and thus avoid delays in the construction process.

He also performs:

-Maintenance of structures.

-Project evaluations or valuations.

-Topographic studies and work.

*Expert’s reports.

Among others


Occupational Field

-Construction companies of houses and buildings, *road works, *hydraulic works, maritime works, industrial works, assemblies, etc.

-Real estate companies devoted to the management, financing, promotion and sale of apartments, commercial premises and offices.

- Offices of Studies, Projects and Consultancies in matters specific to the specialty.

-Industries related to the manufacture and commercialization of construction materials.

-Testing Laboratories and Research Centers (materials)

-Government Institutions, such as the Ministry of Housing and Urban Development, Ministry of Public Works and municipalities.

-Businessman in his field.

-As teacher in Higher education institutions.


Estimated time of College years

5 years


Main courses considered in the syllabus

Basic Training Courses

-Algebra, Geometry, Linear Algebra, Calculus (2 semesters), Physics (3 semesters), Statistics, Computing.

Professional Training Courses

-Materials Science and Technology, Structures, Construction, *Topography, *Soil Mechanics, *Hydraulics, Metal Structures, Sanitation and Gas Installations, *Road Works, Maritime Works, Tunnels, *Concrete Technology, Wood Technology, Structural Drawing, Programming and Control of Works, *Project Evaluation, Construction Law, *Operations Research, Project Planning, Accounting and Costs, Business Administration, Economics, among others.

Specialties

Works Management

Project Evaluation and Valuation

Construction Management


Vocation, Skills and Interests required in the candidate to this career


Interests

-Strong preference for the application of knowledge.

-Entertainment in designing, making and building.

-Interest and appreciation for technology advances.

-Curiosity for investigating new applications to what is already known.

-Appreciation for science in general.

-Motivation to find original solutions to problems that arise.

-Feel the challenge of understanding and solving with ingenuity the assembly of a piece or the construction of something.

-Motivation for creating projects aimed at building, installing, assembling or operating.

-Taste for planning, organizing, budgeting and making arrangement to carry out an activity.

-Preference for fieldwork.


Skills

-Ability to analyze physical phenomena related to construction.

-Mathematical Skill

-Ability for the planning and organization of activities.


Vocation

-Seek the development and welfare of the community by making practical things that meet the needs of the community and solve their problems.

-Desire to create for the production of goods and services, always dreaming with new ways of doing things better.

Or any specific dream or longing which feels involved or oriented towards this direction.


Candidate Personality

-Practical personality

-Ease to treat people with different training, criteria and personality.

-Availability to work in teams.

-Leadership and decision-making skills


Work Scope

-Field work both in cities and rural areas moving from one place to another, often under adverse conditions and physical environments.


Related Careers

-Civil Engineering, Topography, Mining Engineering.


*Glossary of Terms

*Plan: Draw a plan, determining what is going to be done.

*Organize: Give the parts of a whole the necessary disposition so that it can work. Arrange everything in relation to what will be done, according to the plan.

*Program: Determine how something will be done and in what periods of time.

*Supervise: See how the work is going and proceed to correct it if necessary.

*Inspect: Criticize the work done.

*Expert’s report: Technical report with economic valuation performed by the expert in the area.

*Road Works: All kinds of transport routes such as roads, bridges, etc.

*Topography: Graphic representation of a piece of land in map format, showing the relief of its surface.

*Masonry: Construction technique in which stones, bricks, sand and similar materials are used.

*Soil Mechanics: Tests that have to be carried out in a road, structural or geotechnical work to classify the soils and determine parameters of their resistance.

*Geotechnics: Study of the composition and properties of the most superficial zone of the Earth’s crust, for the settling of all kinds of constructions and public works.

*Hydraulics: Work to carry, contain, lift and take advantage of water.

-Part of mechanics that studies the balance and movement of fluids.

*Operations Research: Science that deals with decision making.

*Foundations: the lowest load-bearing part of a building, typically below ground level.

*Concrete: cement.

*Construction Techniques: (how to do it that meets the provided specifications)

Example of Construction Techniques:

The formwork to put *concrete inside, in the past they were made of wood and couldn’t be used more than three times; later, they were made of iron and the number of uses went up to twenty. Thus they have been perfected, in such a way to give greater durability and lower construction costs.

Today, there are molds that that deliver virtually the finished work and do not need to stucco, because their interior figures perform that task.

*Project Evaluation: Study of the technical and economic feasibility of a project, market research, technical study, financial study, social evaluation of projects, environmental impact of the project.

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